Областная олимпиада X класс 2010/2011

См. также ЗМРБ 1-2011

УТВЕРЖДЕНО

Заместитель председателя
Оргкомитета третьего этапа
республиканской олимпиады,
заместитель Министра образования
Республики Беларусь
K. С. Фарино
16.12. 2010 г.

GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY TEST №1

I. Read the text below and decide which answer (А, В, С or D) best fits each space.

Bowls

If you can roll a ball, you can play bowls. Everyone can play: young and old, men and women, the fit and the not so fit. It is the 1) ___ outdoor game that 2)______ is a sport for all. What other sport can grandparents play on 3)_____ terms with their grandchildren? What other game is so simple that you could take it up today and be 4) ___ in the national championships tomorrow?
Simple? Perhaps that’s not the 5)___word. There are bowls players in their thousands who will tell you that, although bowls is a game that anyone can 6)___ in five minutes, it takes a lifetime to 7)_______ it. They are the people who have 8) ___ a passionate interest in the game. 9)___ , for outsiders, bowls is another world, and a strange and puzzling one. They see a bowls game in 10) ___ and wonder what is going on.
What the players are trying to do is easy to explain. Their 11) ___is to roll their bowls, called woods, as near as possible to the little white ball, called the jack. If one of your bowls finishes nearer to the jack than your 12) __ you score one point and he or she scores nothing. If you have the two nearest, you score two, and 13) ___ The skill 14) ___ in rolling a bowl that weighs around 2 kilos across about 40 metres so that it stops only a very short 15)___ from the target is just as 16)________ as the skills required in other sports.

1. А special В one С individual D alone
2. А exactly В really С precisely D accurately
3. А alike В equal С parallel D matching
4. А competing В entering C getting D going
5. А right В suitable C genuine D just
6. А catch on В see through C find out D pick up
7. А manage В tame C master D control
8. А assembled В produced C developed D grown
9. А Besides В Unlike C However D Although
10. А performance В movement C practice D action
11. А point В attempt C scheme D aim
12. А competitor’s В opponent’s C contestant’s D opposer’s
13. А further В so on C moreover D as follows
14. А involved В connected C relating D belonging
15. А distance В extent C range D length
16. А respectable В impressive C appreciative D favourable


II. Read the text below and think of the word which best fits each space. Use only one word in each space.

The Trinidad Carnival

Festivals in the Caribbean can be huge, colourful events that stretch the imagination. One of the biggest 1)___________ these, the Trinidad Carnival, consists of five days of non-stop parties and music competitions that end 2) ___ a costumed parade through the streets of the capital, Port of Spain. The music at the carnival is calypso. Calypso is 3) ___ than just music for singing and dancing. An evening in a ‘calypso tent’ will give you a course in Trinidadian politics and 4) _____ you know all about the island gossip.
But 5) ______ the topic of the songs, calypso’s main function is 6)___entertain.
One of the most important parts of the carnival is the calypso competition. This is divided 7)____ two sections. First of all, on the Sunday, the best song is judged. Ten finalists each sing two songs in front of 8) ___ crowd of 30,000. The singers all do 9) ___ best to give performances that will have the crowd shouting and screaming 10) ____ more, and the winner receives the highly-prized title of Calypso Monarch.
Then, on the Monday, there is the Roadmarch competition, 11) ___  he best dance tune is decided. Dancers in fantastic costumes spill out onto the streets 12)___ their thousands at 4 a.m. and dance in a parade with the calypso bands. This goes on 13) ___ the carnival ends the following night. The winner is the person 14)___ tune is being played most often as the bands pass the place where the judges 15) ___ situated.
And the music has to be good, to keep as 16) ___ as half a million people dancing non-stop for five days.

III. Use the words given to form a word and insert it into the suitable gap.

Judging from the ‘Flats to let’ column, there is an 1) ___ (end) search going on for flatmates which is 2) ___ (compare) to the search for suitable 3) _______ (marry) partner. Indeed, the fact that the advertisements often 4) ______ (specific) the type and the personality of the potential flatmate suggests that 5) _______ (compatible) is as 6) ______ (dispense) in flat-sharing as it is in the person you marry. People usually ask for or offer 7) ___ (refer), but these probably provide only a few 8) ___ (signify) facts. The things you really want to know about a person are 9) ___ (rare) revealed, things like whether they make a noise when they eat, and other 10) ___  (bear) habits. Let’s face it, if you are going to share your 11)  (live) with a complete stranger for any 12)  __ (long) of time, you need to find out at the outsetwhether their company will turn out to be a delight or a nightmare.

IV. Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence using the word given. Do not change the words given.

Example:

This matter is none of your business.сoncern
This matter does not concern you.

1. We won’t get to the airport in less than 30 minutes.  least
It will _____ 30 minutes to get to the airport.

2. Despite knowing the area well, I got lost. even
I got lost________ the area well.

3. I tried to talk to Jack about the problem but he was too busy. word
I tried to___________ about the problem but he was too busy.

4. «I don’t mind which film we see», I said. matter
I said that_____________________________________ .

5. If you don’t take care of those shoes, they won’t last for long. look
Unless_______ those shoes won’t last for long.

6. You’ve already lied to me once today. lie
This is not the first _____me today.

7. Whenever I hear this song I remember the time when I was in Paris.  reminds
Whenever I hear this song_____________________ when Iwas in Paris.

8. I can’t describe people as well as you can.  better
You’re _____________________________I am.

9. You didn’t think carefully enough before you decided. ought
You ____________________ more carefully before you decided.

10. urry up! The bus is going to leave! about
Hurry up! The bus _______________  leave!

11. I’ll be home late. until
I___________________ late.

12.      This book will take me two years to write. have
In two years’_____________ this book.

V. Decide if the verb form underlined is correct or not. If it is correct, write the word «correct». If not, correct it.

1) Will you be seeing ______ Rob Jones tomorrow? I wonder if you could give him a message from Sally Gordon?

2) I had a great time in the Greek Islands. We would rent ______a small boat and go fishing every day.

3) Julie, hi! I’ve been hoping ___ I’d see you. I’ve got some good news!

4)  We had a terrible time looking after your dog. It was constantly chasing ___ the cats next door.

5)   We had a lovely time in Madrid. Every day we were exploring the city, and in the evening we were going ______to exciting bars.

6) The steam engine is usually thought of as a relatively modern invention, but the Greeks had built _____a kind of steam engine in ancient times.

7) I felt rather worried. It was growing ______darker and colder, and there was still no sign of the rescue helicopter.

8) Don’t worry! All we have to do is wait here until someone will find ____ us.

9) This meat is really tasting ______ awful! Are you quite sure it was fresh?

10) Of course you can understand it. You are being ___ stupid, that’s all.

VI. In the following text the is missing ten times and a/an is missing twice. Insert them in the correct places.

Dead Sea, which lies between Jordan and Israel, is lowest lake in world. It is about 397 metres below sea level and it contains saltiest water in world. This is because several rivers carrying minerals (including salt) flow into lake, but none flow out of it. Surface water        evaporates, but all minerals remain behind. Salt makes it easy for swimmers to float – you can even read book while floating on your back. In fact lake contains six times more salt than ordinary sea water so swimmer’s body is six times more buoyant than usual.

Keys

  1. 1. B, 2. B, 3. B, 4. A, 5. A, 6. D, 7. C, 8. C, 9. C, 10. D, ll. D, 12. B, 13. B, 14. A, 15. A, 16. B.
  2. 1. of, 2. with/in, 3. more, 4. let, 5. whatever, 6. to, 7. into, 8. a, 9. their, 10. for, 11. when/where, 12. in, 13. until/till, 14. whose, 15. are, 16. many.
  3. 1. endless, 2. comparable, 3. marriage, 4. specify, 5. compatibility, 6. indispensable, 7. references, 8. insignificant, 9. rarely, 10. unbearable, 11. life, 12. length.
  4. 1. take us at least, 2. even though I knew, 3. have a word with, 4. it did not matter which film we saw, 5. you look after them carefully/properly, 6. lie you have told, 7. it reminds me of the time, 8. bet­ter at describing people than, 9. ought to think, 10. is about to, 11. won’t be home until, 12. time I will have finished.
  5. 1. correct; 2. rented, went; 3. correct; 4. correct; 5. explored, went; 6. correct, built; 7. correct; 8. finds; 9. tastes; 10. correct.
  6. The Dead Sea, which lies between Jordan and Israel, is the lowest lake in the world. It is about 397 metres below sea level and it contains the saltiest water in the world. This is because several rivers carrying minerals (including salt) flow into the lake, but none flow out of it. The surface water evaporates, but all the minerals remain behind. The salt makes it easy for swimmers to float — you can even read a book while floating on your back. In fact the lake contains six times more salt than ordinary sea water so a swimmer’s body is six times more buoyant than usual.

P. S. Материалы любезно предоставлены методистом Гомельского областного института развития образования Викторией Александровной Емельяновой.

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