Республиканская олимпиада 2007/2008 11 класс
GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY TEST
I. Open the brackets using the correct forms of the verbs.
A. Simon wishes he (1) (be) bigger. When he was at school he (2) (often, laugh) at by the other boys because he was so small. «If I (3) ______ (be) stronger, I (4)_____________(fight) them,» he thought. Now he is 20, but he (5) __________ (not/become) bigger. Quite recently he (6) ______ (advise) to join a gym, but he is afraid that if he (7) _____ (go) there everyone (8)_______(tease) him.
B. We (9)______ (drive) across the desert when our car (10)_____ (break) down miles from anywhere. We had two flat tyres and at the same time crashed into a rock. Before the journey we (11) _________ (warn) that the road (12) _______ (be) dangerous but at that time we (13) ________(not/pay) much attention to the warning. At first we (14)__________(think) that somebody (15)________(stop) and help but there was nobody else on the road.
II. Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence using the word given. Don’t change the words given.
Example: MEAN What is the meaning of the word?
What does the word mean?
|I now regret not having completed my studies at university.
|2. ENDS||His wife’s looking for a part-time job, because they are having financial difficulties.Since ____________his wife’s looking for a part-time job.|
|3. MAKE||What was your interpretation of his statement?What ______________________ said?|
|4. REFRAIN||«I’d prefer it if you didn’t smoke in the office,» the Manager said to us.The manager politely ________________________in the office.|
|5. STICK||We mustn’t become separated in the crowd at the demonstration.We had _______________ the demonstration.|
|6. EYE||My neighbor is looking after the house while I am away.I’ve arranged for my neighbour ______________my absence.|
|7. HONESTY||He requested the judge to take into account the fact that he had at no time lied to the court.He asked the judge _____________ consideration.|
|8. DARE||I suppose they’ll get the message eventually.I __________________ end.|
|9. MEANT||We would have had to get up at 5.30 if we had followed the original plan.Following the original plan_________ at 5.30.|
III. Insert 15 articles that are missing in the text.
Golden Gate Bridge has linked San Francisco and Marin Peninsula for more than 50 years. However, building it was no easy task. Idea of linking the two places was not a new one but it wasn’t until 1917 that the first workable design was produced. It would take twenty years to complete bridge, and from outset there were many difficulties: rough waters, the often foggy conditions and danger of earthquakes all combined to make constructing this bridge far trickier business than building New York’s George Washington Bridge. Golden Gate Bridge, which was then the largest in the world, was finished on May 27th, 1937. Californians flocked to their new showpiece and walked from one end to other. Next day it was opened to cars. During past 58 years it has been part of daily life for millions of commuters. Of course, its paintwork must be kept in good condition. 28-man team is responsible for this. If you thought Michelangelo needed good head for heights to paint Sistine Chapel ceiling, just spare thought for these men. The bridge stands at 4,200 feet. The trick, agree the painters, is never to look down. Rather them than us!
IV. Insert prepositions/postpositions where necessary.
Steve had been working for his company for five years when he was put (1)___ ____a promotion and he was delighted when he was offered a managerial post. But not long after he had taken (2) __the job, the company changed (3)____ _____ a new method of accounting. Steve began suffering from two classic symptoms of stress — headaches and insomnia. «I’d thought I would enjoy the increased responsibility, but I felt I was completely snowed (4)___» he says. «I was toiling (5) _____until eight o’clock every night just to keep on top of the paperwork.»
Steve’s experience is far from unique. Many situations at work can cause stress, ranging from taking (6) _____new duties or responsibilities to poor working conditions, lack of training, fear of being laid (7) _____and even harassment and bullying. In the current climate of rapid change, many organizations seek flexibility and so expect workers to be able to turn their hands (8) _____a variety of jobs and this too can be very stressful for employees.
So what can you do about it if you think you’re suffering from workplace stress? The good news is that employers are legally obliged to ensure employees’ health, safety and welfare at work and this includes bringing (9)_____ measures to reduce stress. However, stress is not a subject an employee can easily bring (10) _____with an employer; in fact, this in itself can be a very stressful thing to do. So, if you have a problem with stress, let your union know. They have a legal right to take (11) ____health and safety matters on employees’ behalf.
V. Read the text and insert the letter corresponding to the best choice (А, В, С or D).
There is a point on the shore where paths seems to (1)______ , where the land (2) _____and the sea (3) _____. The beach (4) ______for miles on either side. I stood there last night looking (5) _____ at the sea and all those memories came (6) _____back. For a moment I saw her (7) _____towards me again as fast as she could, almost dancing her (8) ______ over the golden sand. We (9) _____ into the water and swam (10) _____ like ducks. And when we finally (11) _____ourselves out of the water, we (12) ______spread-eagled on the sand. It’s strange how the memories (13) _____, isn’t it? Such events (14)_____with you forever, don’t they? I (15) _____ my way home with a heavy heart.
|13.||A||live on||B||go by||C||Wear off||D||go through|
|VI. Use the word given at the end of each line to form a word that fits the gap in the same line.|
|Many people seem to have (1) _________ attitude towards drink driving.||CONSIST|
|On the one hand, they view it as totally (2)___________that anyone should through their own selfishness be a danger to other road users. To kill somebody while driving under the influence is surely (3) ________, however accidental it may be, and is technically defined as (4)________killing.||ACCEPT
|Yet at the same time people (5) ____seem to assume that the same laws do not apply to themselves. Taking to the wheel having had a few glasses over the limit doesn’t seem (6) ____ when you do it yourself. Surely only a couple of extra drinks is perfectly (7) _______ , you reason. Yet when other people commit the offence, it is condemned as (8)_____and downright (9)_________ .||RATIONAL
|Why these double standards? Surely it makes perfect that such a potentially lethal practice be declared illegal? And yet the die-hards continue to flout the law, continuing to drive even when (10)________.||QUALIFY|
VII. Rewrite the following sentences correcting the mistakes.
1. Unless you are not too tired, we can climb the tower to admire the panorama of the town.
2. We won’t be able to carry out our plan until we don’t come to a mutual agreement.
3. In the catholic school she was made wear an ugly uniform made of dark brown material.
4. Grace Kelly was famous as a Hollywood actress and then like the wife of Prince Rainier of Monaco.
5. I am somewhat puzzled how did he manage to beat the boxing champion.
Заключительный этап Республиканской олимпиады по иностранным языкам 2008 года
1) were; 2) was often laughed; 3) were; 40 would fight; 5) hasn’t become; 6) has been advised/was advised; 7) goes; 8) will tease; 9) were driving; 10) broke down; 11) had been warned; 12) was/would be; 13) didn’t pay; 14) thought; 15) would stop.
- If only I hadn’t dropped out of university.
- Since they are having difficulty (in) making ends meet his wife’s looking for a part-time job.
- What did you make of what he said?
- The manager politely asked us to refrain from smoking in the office.
- We had better stick together in the crowd at the demonstration.
- I’ve arranged for my neighbor to keep an eye on the house in my absence.
- He asked the judge for his honesty to be taken into consideration.
- I dare say they’ll get the message in the end.
- Following the original plan would have meant (us/our) getting up at 5.30.
The Golden Gate Bridge has linked San Francisco and the Marin Peninsula for more than 50 years. However, building it was no easy task. The idea of linking the two places was not a new one but it wasn’t until 1917 that the first workable design was produced. It would take twenty years to complete the bridge, and from the outset there were many difficulties: rough waters, the often foggy conditions and the danger of earthquakes all combined to make constructing this bridge a far trickier business than building New York’s George Washington Bridge. The Golden Gate Bridge, which was then the largest in the world, was finished on May 27th, 1937. Californians flocked to their new showpiece and walked from one end to the other. The next day it was opened to cars. During the past 58 years it has been part of daily life for millions of commuters. Of course, its paintwork must be kept in good condition. A 28-man team is responsible for this. If you thought Michelangelo needed a good head for heights to paint the Sistine Chapel ceiling, just spare a thought for these men. The bridge stands at 4,200 feet. The trick, agree the painters, is never to look down. Rather them than us!
1) in for; 2) up; 3) over to; 4) under; 5) away; 6) on; 7) off; 8) to; 9) in; 10) up; 11) up.
1) В converge; 2) В ends; 3) A begins; 4) A stretches; 5) С out; 6) A flooding; 7) С racing; 8) С way; 9 ) A plunged; 10) A around; 11) A dragged; 12) В lay; 13) A live on; 14) A remain; 15) D made.
1) inconsistent; 2) unacceptable; 3) unpardonable; 4) unlawful; 5) irrationally; 6) unreasonable; 7) permissible; 8) unethical; 9) immoral; 10) disqualified .
- Unless you are too tired …
- … until we come to …
- … she was made to wear …
- … and then as a wife of …
- … how he managed to beat …