Подготовка к экзамену. Гайд для учащихся

В очередном номере журнала Hot English Magazine приглянулась статья, которая, как мне кажется, может послужить хорошим путеводителем для подготовки к экзамену.

Главная проблема наших школьников — отсутствие самостоятельной работы над языком. Самостоятельная работа — это тот момент, на который я смотрю с такой надеждой, что когда мои ожидания не оправдываются, впадаю в ужасную депрессию, не могу смотреть на учеников и отказываюсь подбирать какой бы то ни было дополнительный материал. Возвращаюсь к учебнику и плевать мне на экзамен: несколько часов позора и жизнь продолжается!

Не верю, что нельзя выучить язык, приложив усилия. Пусть не к самому высокому уровню, но к уровню Intermediate можно прийти. Однако наши учащиеся не ставят цели овладеть знаниями. Их интересуют отметки. И отметки даже не для себя, а для родителей.

Пятиклассница в беседа о том, что важнее, знания или отметка, высказалась так: «И знания важны, и отметка. Знания чтобы… ну, на потом, а отметка, чтобы поступить…» Ребёнок, сам того не ведая, раскрыл всю суть нынешней системы образования, её ценности: количество, а не качество первично.

Неприятно об этом писать, но школьная система оценивания на экзамене и мы, учителя, дали повод ученикам думать, что «ниже годовой всё равно не поставят». В результате мотивация в виде экзамена себя не оправдывает.

Тем не менее, публикуя эту статью, надеюсь, что советы, изложенные в ней, найдут отклик в умах не совсем «потерянных» детей, тех, чьи глаза хочется видеть и ради кого хочется входить в класс.

How to Pass English Exams

(from Hot English Magazine №130)

Are you thinking of taking an English exam? Perhaps you should. They’re a good way of motivating you to study. Here are our top tips on how to pass an English exam in nine months. This is the first part of a series on doing exams.
Let’s imagine you’ve got nine months to prepare for your English exam.
You could be an intermediate-level student who wants to do the First Certificate in English (FCE); or someone who’s already passed FCE who wants to do Cambridge Advanced. You can prepare yourself with just an hour a day over the nine-month period before the exam. Here’s what you should be doing.

1. General preparation
Most exams test your general ability to communicate in English. So, in order to prepare you for this, you’ll need to work on the four key communication skills: reading, writing, listening and speaking. The best way to do this is to immerse yourself in the language, and to do a bit every day to increase your general level. Language learning takes time, and in order for it to take place, you need to read and listen a lot in order to get enough exposure to the language. In fact, language learning takes place through input (reading + listening) and practice (speaking + writing).

2. Vocabulary
For many exams, you’ll need a wide range of vocabulary. So, while you’re reading and listening to English, you should start creating lists of useful words and expressions. But remember, always write these out in sentences, so you can learn chunks of language (not individual words). In order to learn these words, you could write them out on cards to study while you’re out and about (see the example in the next column). You could also record them so you can listen to them while you’re walking or driving, or create gap-fill exercises for them, translate them, draw pictures of them – anything that you feel could help you learn them. Memorising expressions will help with your writing and speaking (so you can reproduce them in written or spoken form) or listening (so you can understand them).
Aim to do at least 10 minutes of vocabulary preparation every day for the 9 months before the exam.

3. Listening
There are two types of listening that you’ll need to do in preparation for the exam:
*General listening to get an ear for the language. This consists of listening to songs, films, the radio. TV series, the news… all in English, of course. The more you listen, the better you’ll become at distinguishing sounds. And once you can do that, you’ll find that you start learning much faster.
* Focussed listening. This consists of listening activities from course books, Hot English, or other sources. Read and listen at the same time so you can see and hear the relationship between the spoken and written language. Also, listen to a variety of accents (as you’ll find in Hot English), not just British or American English accents.
Aim to do at least 15 minutes of listening practice every’ day for the 9 months before the exam.

4. Reading
Another great way to improve your general level of English is to read. You should choose things that you’re interested in and read as much as you can. You can read articles from news sites on the internet, books, magazines, Hot English, guides on hobbies… anything. Reading is a great source of language, and while
reading, you’ll see how the language fits together, and how structures and words аre used. Try to read quickly and without looking up too many words. This will make it interesting for you. Above all, read something you’re interested in to keep up your motivation.
Aim to do at least 15 minutes of reading every day for the 9 months before the exam.

5. Writing
In preparation for the exam, you should aim to do lots of free writing. Writing is a great way of consolidating your learning — of showing you where the gaps in your learning are, or which words and expressions you need in order to express yourself freely. You can write out anecdotes or stories in English that you can use later when you’re speaking. Or you could write a blog entry, an e-mail to a friend, a Facebook update, a text message… anything, as long as it’s in English.
Aim to do about 10 minutes of writing every day for the 9 months before the exam.

6. Speaking
During the nine months before the exam, you should try to get as much speaking practice as you can. Once again, do a bit every day (rather than leaving it all for the last four weeks or so). You can practise speaking English with other English learners, your friends, your teacher, a private teacher or foreign students. These days, with the internet, you can also speak to people from other countries through Skype. Talking to yourself in English can also be very helpful. Describe how you’re feeling or what you’re doing. For example «I’m feeling a bit tired today. I’ve got to go to the post office later to post a letter. It’s raining again, so I should take my umbrella.” You could also record yourself speaking English, and then listen back to it. This will help with your pronunciation and hopefully you’ll also hear mistakes that you can correct! In order to help with your speaking, you can also do lots of listen-and-repeat activities with any useful expressions and chunks of language. This will help you internalise them, so they’re ready to use in conversation spontaneously.
Aim to do at least 10 minutes of speaking practice every day for the 9 months before the exam.

With just one hour a day for the period of nine months before the exam, you’ll increase your chances of passing by 100%… guaranteed!

• Vocabulary = 10 minutes
• Reading = 15 minutes
• Listening -15 minutes
• Writing= 10 minutes
• Speaking = 10 minutes
• Total = 1 hour!

Next month, we’ll be looking at the final preparation for the exam, and some top tips for actually taking the exam.
Meanwhile, good luck!

GLOSSARY
key -important
to immerse yourself — if you «immerse yourself» in something, you become completely involved in it
a chunk — a «chunk» of language is a group of words that go together
out and about — if you’re «out and about», you’re outside visiting places, etc.
an ear for the language — if you have an ‘ear for the language’’, you can distinguish the sounds or words and understand them
to distinguish sounds — if you can “distinguish sounds», you can hear them separately
to look up — if you «look up» a word, you find the meaning of it in a dictionary, etc.
to keep up — if you «keep up» your motivation, you maintain it / you do things so that you’re motivated

Credit to www.hotenglishmagazine.com

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