ПО ИНОСТРАННЫМ ЯЗЫКАМ.
GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY TEST
I. Choose the most suitable alternative below to fill in the gaps in the following text (А, В, С or D).
Good evening. This is Jana Hingis (1) ___from Laguana. The heavy rains that have affected the north of the country have produced serious (2) ___.
The Minister for Agriculture said in a statement that the situation is now (3) ___control. (4) ___ food supplies have been dropped by helicopter to families who were (5)___ to get to distribution centres. Local charities have also provided clothes and (6) ___shelter for victims of the disaster.
In the south, the (7) ___ continues to force thousands of refugees to head north. Many of these people are suffering from (8) ___ and are weak from months of famine. International aid organisations are trying to (9) ___ them with essential food supplies, but the civil war is (10) ___ the job of these organisations extremely difficult.
In neighbouring Kwilulia the cholera epidemic is spreading as a (11) ___of lack of medicines and clean water. The Ministry of Health has issued a (12) ___to all people planning to visit Kwilulia to make sure they are inoculated (13) ___cholera. The extreme temperatures and the high levels of (14) ___are not helping the situation. A United Nations spokesman said this (15) ___ turn out to be one of the worst epidemics in the country’s history.
|1. A telling
|2. A initiations
|3. A under
|4. A urgency
|5. A unable
|6. A part-time
|7. A dry
|8. A injuries
|9. A get
|10. A having
|11. A because
|12. A advice
|13. A for
|14. A damp
|15. A should
II. Insert 15 articles that are missing in the text.
There was never any doubt as to guilt of accused. In French county of Valois, in year 1314, he deliberately killed a man. Several people had witnessed attack. Accused was sentenced to death and hanged soon afterwards. Accused was bull.
Modern law does not recognise idea that animals can commit crime, but in medieval Europe it was quite common for animals to be taken to court on all sorts of charges — everything from witchcraft to murder. On one occasion the rats of Atun in central France were called before court on a charge of infesting local houses and barns. When they failed to appear, their lawyer explained that their lives would have been put in danger by the number of cats in neighbourhood. He said that the court would have to guarantee safety of each of his clients on their way to and from trial. Case was postponed indefinitely.
III. Complete each sentence with the correct form of one of the phrasal
pick up check in count on hand in work out knock down show off carry out wear out live up to
- I’ve worn these shoes for years and they’re beginning to … .
- You can always … Paul to keep his promises.
- A survey has been … to find out people’s views on this subject.
- I couldn’t … what he was trying to tell me.
- We …. at reception in the hotel and then we went to our rooms.
- My teacher wasn’t pleased when I … my work late.
- Claudia is always … because she likes to be the centre of attention.
- They’ve …. the old library and built a supermarket where it was.
- I … how to cook from watching other people when I was younger.
- Did London .… your expectations of how exciting it would be?
IV. Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the
first sentence using the word given. Do not change the words given.
Example: This matter is none of your business.
concern This matter does not concern you.
1. How often is your eyesight checked by the optician?
have How often do ___________________________ by the optician?
2. Let’s go for a drive in the countryside.
about What _____________________________________ ?
3. As soon as I got into bed, I fell asleep.
sooner No ____________________________I fell asleep.
4. We didn’t understand the lecture, so we asked our tutor to explain.
since _______________________________________ we asked our tutor to explain.
5.1 saw Louise walking alone in the park.
by I saw Louise ____________________________________ in the park.
6. That’s the hospital where I was born.
in That’s the hospital ___________________________.
7. It was Sunday, so the shops were closed.
due The shops were closed _________________________.
V. Open the brackets using the correct form of the verbs.
Employees protesting at the planned closure of the Magnet electronics factory have begun a protest outside the factory in Brook Road. It (1)… reveal) last week that production at the factory, where over …3,000 local people (2) … (employ), (3) … (transfer) to the existing Magnet plant in Luton next month. Only a few new jobs (4) … (expect) to be created.
«Why (5) … (we/not/inform) about this earlier? We (6) … (only/tell) about this two days ago,» said Marjory Calder, representing the workforce. «It’s about time companies such as this started thinking about how local communities are affected by their policies. Most of us here (7) … (own) our houses. How are we going to keep paying for the houses and find a job? I wish I (8) … (know).» Reg Reynolds, Director of Magnet was asked what (9)… (currently/do) to help those who had been made redundant. «Every effort (10) … (make) over the past month to offer early retirement to those who qualify» he told our reporter. When questioned about why the workers (11) … (not/tell) about the closure earlier, he revealed the company had been promised a government loan to keep the factory open, but that at the last minute the government (12) … (decide) not to provide the loan after all. «So don’t blame the company, we (13) … (do) our best so far.»
VI. Use the word given at the end of each line to form a word that fits the gap in the same line.
Our trip to the theatre last night was rather a (1) ____________ . disappoint
A woman in the audience caused a (2) __________________ by distract
coughing loudly (3) _____________ the performance. It totally through
spoilt our (4) ______________ of the play as we found the enjoy
noise (5)____________________________ . bear
VII. Read the text below and look carefully at each line. Some of the lines are correct and some have a word which should not be there. If the line is correct put a tick (?) in the space at the end of the line. If a line has a word which should not be there, put the word in the space at the end of the line.
- Many everyday objects are being given their names for_____
- a reason. The Biro (a ballpoint pen) was invented by________
- Georg and Josef Biro, so that it was named after them. ______
- The sandwich, on the other hand, it was named after the _____
- 4th Earl of Sandwich in 1762. Despite of the fact that the _____
- idea of eating slices of meat between slices of bread was ______
- not a new one, the Earl of Sandwich made it popular. He ______
- would ask to be served this dish at his card table so that ______
- he could play the all day. Morse code (the use of long _______
- and short sounds to send the messages along a wire) was _____
- been invented by Samuel Morse in 1844 and Bermuda _______
- shorts were so named because they at first became popular ____
- in Bermuda. So, next time you will use an everyday _______
- object, why not to stop and think about where its name _____
- came from? You might be surprised! _______
1. C, 2. B, 3. A, 4. D, 5. A, 6. D, 7. C, 8. C, 9. B, 10. D, 11. В, 12. C, 13. B, 14. B, 15. D II.
… There was never any doubt as to the guilt of the accused. In the/a French county of Valois, in the year 1314, he deliberately killed a man. Several people had witnessed the attack. The accused was sentenced to death and hanged soon afterwards. The accused was a bull.
Modern law does not recognise the idea that animals can commit a crime, but in medieval Europe it was quite common for animals to be taken to court on all sorts of charges — everything from witchcraft to murder. On one occasion the rats of Atun in central France were called before the court on a charge of infesting local houses and barns. When they failed to appear, their lawyer explained that their lives would have been put in danger by the number of cats in the neighbourhood. He said that the court would have to guarantee the safety of each of his clients on their way to and from the trial. The case was postponed indefinitely.
1. wear out, 2. count on, 3. carried out, 4. work out, 5. checked in, 6. handed in, 7. showing off, 8. knocked down, 9. picked up, 10. live up to.
1. How often do you have your eyesight checked by the optician?
2. What about going for a drive in the countryside? / What about having a drive in the countryside?
3. No sooner had I got into bed (I had got ) than I fell asleep.
4. Since we didn’t understand the lecture, we asked our tutor to explain.
5. I saw Louise walking by herself in the park.
6. That’s the hospital I was born in. / That’s the hospital in which I was born.
7. The shops were closed due to the fact that it was Sunday.
1. was revealed 8. knew
2. are employed 9. was being currently done
3. will be transferred 10. has been made
4. are expected 11. were not told/had not been told
5. hadn’t we been informed / were not informed 12. decided /had decided
6. were only told 13. have done/have been doing
VI.1. disappointment, 2. distraction, 3. throughout, 4. enjoyment, 5. unbearable.
VII. 1. being, 2. —, 3. that, 4. it, 5. of, 6. —, 7. —, 8. —, 9. the, 10. the, 11. been, 12. at, 13. will, 14. to, 15. —.