I. Complete the sentences using the words in bold.
1. I haven’t seen Christine since Easter, last I___________________ Easter.
2. He got married last year. that It______________________ got married.
3. Do you think they will finish the project on time? finished Do you think__________________________ on time.
4. It was wrong of you to speak to Julie like that. have You______________________ to Julie like that.
5. Greg finally managed to escape from his prison cell, succeeded Greg___________________ his prison cell.
6. The class was so noisy that nobody at the back of the room could hear him. make The class was so noisy that he ___________________ at the back of the room.
7. She sunbathed every day, so she had a good ten. due Her good ten___________ every day.
8. He is on friendly terms with his neighbours. getsHe ________________his neighbours.
9. This ring is much more valuable than that one. far That ring is_______________ this one.
10. The garden party won’t take place if the weather stays bad. picks Unless__________ the garden party won’t take place.
II. Choose the right variant.
Although the Smithsonian Institution may seem an American enterprise, its 1)________ lie in the bequest of an Englishman, Smithson, who never even visited theUnited States. In October 1826, James Smithson 2)_____ his will, 3)_________ his vast 4)_________ to his nephew with one proviso: if the nephew died with no 5)________ , Smithson’s estate was to be given «to theUnited States of America, 6)____________ at Washington, under the name of the Smithsonian Institution, an Establishment for the increase and 7)______ of knowledge among men». His nephew died, heirless, 8)____________ than seven years after his uncle.
d) to found
c) a little
III. Read the text and choose one of the answers.
The government (1)… recently some plans which should help to protect the environment. Firstly, the tax
system could be changed, so that anyone who (2)… a big car which consumes a lot of petrol (3)… more
taxes than people who drive smaller cars. In addition, company car parks (4)… so that companies will
encourage their employees to travel to work by train or by bus. Cycling tracks which (5)… people to cycle safely (6)… and the need for so many car journeys (7)… by the end of the decade. Lastly, the government(8)… to reduce the number of heavy lorries on the road. These ideas are good, but not always practical.Many people live too far away from the places of their work or study and they can’t cycle there regularly. If small factories (9)… closer to people’s homes, we (10)… save money and reduce pollution!
a) has been announced
c) his been announcing
d) has announced
b) has driven
c) is driving
a) will pay
b) is paying
c) is paid
d) will be paying
a) will tax
b) will be taxing
c) will be taxed
d) are taxed
a) will have enabled
b) will enable
c) are enabling
a) will have built
b) will be built
c) will have been built
d) will build
a) will reduce
b) will be reducing
c) will have been reduced
b) is planning
c) will plan
d) has planned
b) have been
c) had been
С) would have
IV. Think of the word which best fits each space. Write only one word in each space .
Coral reefs are 1) … largest structures formed by living creatures 2) … earth; the Great Barrier Reef near Australia, 3) … instance, is nearly 2000 kilometres long. They are composed 4) … the remains of sea creatures, the skeletons of 5) … become part of the reef when they die. Coral has 6) … used to make jewellery for a long time because of 7) … beautiful colours, but now it has a new use. Scientists have discovered that it is suitable 8) … replacing bones in the human body. Bone can be taken from another part of the body for this 9) …, but this causes the patient a 10) … of distress because he must have two operations. Alternatively, metal can be used, but bone cannot naturally assimilate 11) … a material. The use of coral is not completely free 12) … problems, as it absorbs poisonous metals easily, which 13) … harm the human body. On the other 14) …, its structure is very like that of bone and is less likely to 15)… rejected by a patient’s body. Two researchers in France have already carried 16)… a number of successful replacements and, with luck, the success stories will continue.
V. All the articles (the and a/an) have been taken out of the text. Replace them where necessary.
Space satellite does not need to be streamlined in order to fly since there is no air in space to slow it down. However, it does need source of energy to power its electronic circuitry, so satellite has large solar panels that convert sunlight into electricity. In addition, it is necessary for satellite to stay in exactly right position so that its antennae face radio station on ground. For this reason it is equipped with gas thrusters which can move satellite into correct orbit, high above Earth.
VI. Complete each sentence (a-j) with one of the endings (1-10).
a) I paused at the top of the stairs on the….
b) The walls of the bathroom were covered in….
c) I chained my bike to the….
d) There was a clock on the….
e) I left my umbrella in the…..
f) After the storm we had to replace several….
g) I decided to oil the front door…..
h) There was no heat coming from the…..
i) You should try to remember to wipe your feet on the…..
j) We stored our old books upstairs in the….
1. railings at the front of the house
2. hinges, which were rather rusty
3. loft, in case we needed them again
4. mantelpiece over the fireplace
5. landing and wondered which was my room
6. doormat outside the back door
7. slates which had fallen off the roof
8. radiator under the window
9. tiles with a pattern of fruit and flowers
10. porch and opened the front door.
VII. Complete each sentence with a word formed from the word in capitals.
The new leisure centre doesn’t quite come up to my…………….
There was a bare………… of people at the youth club.
Helen’s solo crossing of the Pacific was a………… feat.
We……….. go to the pub before lunch on Sunday.
All the runners, with the…………. of Mark, were exhausted.
Our club has just purchased new sports……………..
Our city has some open spaces but they are not very……..
Is it possible to…………. between a hobby and an interest?
Nowadays……… numbers of people are taking jogging.
Leisure habits won’t change much in the………….. future.
VIII. Add question tags and short answers or echo tags to the statements below.
Let’s consult a specialist, …. ? Yes, ….
You’ve seen Peter recently, …. ? No, …..
She won’t marry him, …. ? Yes, ….
None of them liked the film, …. ? No, ….
This coat is Peter’s, …. ? No, ….
She thinks I was right, …. ? Yes, …..
I’m a bit taller than you, …… ? Yes, ….
Don’t bother to call me again, … ? No, ……..
They’re hardly ever in time, ?Yes,
Английский язык. 10 класс. Текст для аудирования
II этап республиканской олимпиады Form X
We often hear a saying «Don’t invent a bicycle» about something simple and known for a long time.
Really the bicycle is old enough — more than a hundred years of age. Its first prototype appeared in1791 inFrance. In1800 aRussian peasant Artamonov made an iron bicycle and travelled on it from Nizhniy Tagil to Moscow.
First bicycles looked strange: the back wheel was usually smaller. Bicycles were made of iron and riding them was not comfortable because of shaking. They were even called «boneshakers».
New types of bicycles appeared every year but only in 1885 people saw a model which looked like modern cycles. It had almost equal wheels and a chain drive to the rear wheel. This shape survived and became basic. The new machine looked more elegant than the old ‘spiders’ which were soon abandoned. As time went by, new bicycles were invented — for two, three and even fifteen riders.
The first bicycle race was held in1868 inParis. But the sport became popular only several decades later because bicycles were expensive and only rich people could afford them. By the end of the nineteenth century many factories produced thousands of bicycles which became cheap, so many people could practise cycling and take part in competitions.
Cycling competitions are generally divided into road and track events. Both kinds are in the Olympic programme. Olympic road events include individual and team races.
Individual races distances are different usually up to200 kilometres. The winner is the first cyclist who passes the finish line with his front wheel.
Cyclists wear shirts with pockets on the back, tight knee-long woolen shorts, special shoes, a cap and mitts on their hands.
Английский язык. 10 класс. Тест к тексту для аудирования
II этап республиканской олимпиады
Listening Comprehension Test
I. Read the statements and mark them as true or false
1.The bicycle is young enough.
2.First bicycles looked strange: the front wheel was usually bigger.
3.Riding first bicycles was very comfortable.
4.As time went by, new bicycles were invented.
5.By the end of the nineteenth century bicycles became cheap.
6.Cycling is in the Olympic Games.
II. Arrange the sentences in the logical order.
1.This shape survived and became basic.
2.So many people could practise cycling and take part in competitions.
3.Individual races’ distances are different usually up to 200 kilometres.
4.But the sport became popular only several decades later.
5.Its first prototype appeared in 1791.
6.First bicycles looked strange: the back wheel was usually smaller.
III. Choose the correct variant according to the text.
1.The bicycle has more than … of age.
a) a hundred and fifty years b) a hundred years c) two hundred years
2.In 1800 a Russian peasant made …
a) a bicycle with three wheels b) an iron bicycle c) a bicycle
3.In … people saw a model which looked like modern bicycles,
a) 1885 b) 1900 c) 1880
4. Soon bicycles … were invented.
a) for several riders b) with four wheels c) for two riders
5.The first bicycle race was held in …
a) Moscow b) Paris c) London
6. At first bicycles …
a) were not very popular with rich people
b) were expensive and only rich people could afford them
c) were very cheap and almost everybody had one
IV. Answer the questions.
1.What is the best title for the text?
2.What does a saying «To invent a bicycle» mean?
3.What is the birthplace of a bicycle? 4r How was the first bicycle called?
5.How many parts are there in the modern cycling competitions?
6.What kind of shirts do the cyclists wear?
II этап республиканской олимпиады
Vocabulary and Grammar Test
… last saw Christine at…
… was last year that he…
… the project will be finished …
… shouldn’t/ ought not to have spoken …
… finally succeeded in escaping from…
… couldn’t make himself heard…
… was due to her sunbathing…
… gets on well with/ gets along (well) with…
… far less valuable than…
10. .. .the weather picks up…
II. 1 A, 2C, 3 B, 4 C, 5 B, 6 D, 7 A, 8 D.
III. 1D, 2D, ЗА, 4C, 5B, 6C, 7C, 8B, 9A, 10B
IV. 1 the, 2 on, 3 for, 4 of, 5 which, 6 been, 7 its, 8 for, 9 purpose, 10 lot, 11 such, 12 of, 13 could/ can/ may/ might, 14 hand, 15 be, 16 out
V.A Space satellite does not need to be streamlined in order to fly since there is no air in space to slow it down. However, it does need a source of energy to power its electronic circuitry, so a (the) satellite has large solar panels that convert sunlight into electricity. In addition, it is necessary for a (the) satellite to stay in exactly the right position so that its antennae face the (zero article) radio station on the ground. For this reason it is equipped with gas thrusters which can move the satellite into the correct orbit, high above the Earth.
VI. a5, b9, cl, d4,el0, f7, g2, h8, i6, j3
shall we? we will/shall
haven’t you? I haven’t
will she? she will
did they? they didn’t
isn’t it? it isn’t
doesn’t she? she does
aren’t I? you are
will you? I won’t
are they? they are
II этап республиканской олимпиады
II. 5 6 1 4 2 3
III. 1. b 2. b3. a4. a5. b 6. b
The best title for the text is «Cycling».
It means something simple and known for a long time.
The birthplace of a bicycle is Paris, France.
It was called «a boneshaker».
There are 2 parts.
They wear shirts with pockets on
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