Городская олимпиада 10 класс Витебская область 2012

Республиканская олимпиада по английскому языку
II этап (районный, городской),
2012-2013 учебный год


I. Choose the best option (А, В, С or D) to fill in each gap.

Under the City Streets

While skyscraper offices and elegant apartment blocks remain the face of most major cities, these cities also have a mass of secret tunnels and hidden pipes below ground which keep everything working. This other world exists, forgotten or neglected by all but a tiny (1)___  of engineers and historians.
For example, there are more than 150 kilometres of rivers under the streets of London.
Most have been covered over and, sadly, all that (2) is their names. Perhaps the greatest (3)______ to the city is the River Fleet, a (4)______great river which previously had beautiful houses on its (5)____. It now goes underground in the north of the city and (6)______ into the River Thames by Blackfriar’s Bridge.
The London Underground has 1,000 kilometres of underground railway track winding under the capital and more than 100 stations below street level. Along some underground railway lines, commuters can sometimes catch a (7) ______ glimpse of the platforms of more than 40 closed stations which have been left under the city. (8) ______ some are used as Film sets, most (9) forgotten. Some have had their entrances on the street turned into restaurants and shops, but most entrances have been (10)_____ down.

1 A number В amount С total D few
2 A stays В stops С remains D keeps
3 A miss В absence С waste D loss
4 A once В past С then D prior
5 A borders В coasts С banks D rims
6 A gets В flows С leaks D lets
7 A rapid В brief С fast D sharp
8 A Despite В Unless С Although D Since
9 A lie В last С live D lay
10 A pulled В broken С brought D cut

II. Put the verbs in brackets into a suitable form.

The actress Vanessa Kemp (1) ___  (disappear). Yesterday she (2)______ (fail) to arrive at the Prince Charles Theatre in London’s West End for her leading role in the comedy ‘Don’t Look Now!’ Ms Kemp (3) ______  (leave)home at 4 o’clock yesterday afternoon for the theatre, a journey she (4)_____ (make) several times the week before. Two people who (5)_____ (walk) past her home at the time (6)__________ (see) her (7)__________ (leave). But no one (8)__________(see) her since then. At half past seven she still (9) ____  (not arrive) at the theatre. At 8 o’clock the theatre manager had to break the news to the audience who (10)______ (wait) patiently for the play to start. Since yesterday, theatre staff and friends (11) ____  (try) to contact Ms Kemp, but they (12)____ (have) no success so far.

III. Replace the words in italics with the correct form of the verb in the box and use the suitable particle. There is one extra verb which you don’t need to use.

go tell put catch wear take come pay

1. Mrs Andrews scolded the children who climbed into her garden.
2. The pain in my leg began to gradually disappear after a couple of hours.
3. The security guard was fooled by the thief’s disguise.
4. I think it’s time we took revenge on him for all the awful things he has done.
5. This cheese smells as if it’s spoilt.
6. Carol has thought of a really good solution to the problem.
7. Wrist watch television was an interesting idea but it didn’t really become popular.

IV. Insert 16 articles where necessary.

Great Wall of China is one of wonders of modern world, and became UNESCO Heritage site in 1987. It is one of the longest (6,700 km) structures in the world, and has history of more than two thousand years. Building of the wall began between 7 and 8 centuries BC as means of defending most of China from invading people of north. In time of Ming dynasty(1368 — 1644 AD) wall was repaired and extended and took on appearance it has today, with complex system of forts and towers. It has average height of ten metres and width of five metres, and it runs from east to west.

V. Paraphrase the sentences using the words in brackets. Do not change this word.

1. Providing you look after it carefully, you can borrow my laptop. (LONG)
You can borrow my laptop__________________________________ good care of it.

2. I don’t want to hear all the details of your operation. (RATHER)
I’d__________________________________ me all the details of your operation.

3. When she’s out of the office, Toni would rather contact her colleagues by email. (TOUCH)
Toni prefers ____________________________  colleagues by email when she’s out of the office.

4. The phone rang, so I never found out what happened at the end of the programme. (NOT)
If the phone_____________________________ found out what happened at the end of the programme

5. I wish Bill had let us know he wasn’t coming! (LET)
Bill_____________________________ he wasn’t coming!

6. The President offered his congratulations to the players when they won the cup. (CONGRATULATED)
The President_________________________ the cup.

VI. Fill in the blanks with one word which best fits each space.

What Is a Shopaholic?

In recent years, shopaholics have come to the public attention on television and in newspaper and magazine articles. While the media sometimes use the word casually, shopaholics suffer (1) ____ a real, and sometimes very frightening, lack (2) ____ self-control. Without a doubt, we live in a ‘spend-happy’ society. Most people live beyond their means and are (3)____ debt. Many people whatever their level of income, think of shopping as a hobby. They take weekend-long shopping excursions, spend money they do not have, and often regret their purchases the next day. But (4)____ this mean that they have a problem? Not necessarily. True shopaholics shop (5) ______  they can’t help it. They go on buying things long (6) ______ they have huge debts. They shop when they are feeling depressed, and use spending as a way as a way of coping (7) ____ the world. They do not shop because they enjoy it, or because they need the things they buy. They buy things because they feel they have to. A______ shopaholic is (8)______ of control.
Two pieces of advice given to shopaholics are these. Firstly, (9) _____ you go shopping,only take cash. Leave your credit cards and cheque books at home. And secondly, if you see something that you want to buy, don’t let yourself buy it on the spot. Instead give yourself a ‘waiting period’. If you still want the item a few days (10)____ , then you can go back and buy it.

VII. Use the word in capital letters at the end of each line to form a word that fits in the space in the same line.

Cross-Cultural Misunderstanding

Many visitors to Britain find the natives’ (1)_______ BEHAVE
Frequently rather strange and occasionally totally
(2) ____________ . One of the most common complaints is COMPREHEND
that we are cold and (3) __ . In fact, all we are FRIEND
trying to do is to ‘mind our own business’ and not to interfere in other people’s. This may also make us appear
(4)______________ in foreign visitors. Again, our main INTEREST
concern is to avoid any degree of (5) ________ . On the EMBARRASS
other hand, foreign visitors often appear (unintentionally)
(6) _____________  to the British. What to a Spaniard is a POLITE
wholly (7) _____________  click of the fingers to attract OFFEND
attention is highly insulting to a British bar worker and practically guarantees a drink-free evening!

VIII. There is one mistake in each sentence. Find and correct it.

1. In the early seventy 85 per cent of women in Great Britain were married before their 30th birthday.
2. The number of workplace accidents are increasing but it’s not clear who or what is to blame for them.
3. There are plenty of drama courses available and it’s worth to make sure that you spend time researching what is on offer.
4. They suggested that Maisie should try massage, which I think was a good idea of them.
5. In spite of I was feeling hungry I made up my mind not to stop and went on working.

IX. Seven sentences have been removed from the text. Choose from the sentences A — H the one which fits each gap (1 — 7). There is one extra sentence which you do not need to use.


Chris Greener was fourteen when he told his careers teacher he wanted to join the navy when he left school. What do you want to be?’ asked the teacher. ‘The flagpole on a ship?» The teacher had a point — because Chris, though still only fourteen, was already almost two metres tall. Today, at 228 cm. he is Britain’s tallest man.

Every decade, the average height of people in Europe grows another centimeter. Every year, more and more truly big people are born. Intriguingly, this does not mean humanity is producing a new super race.
__1___ Only now are we losing the effects of generations of poor diet with dramatic effects. ‘We are only now beginning to fulfil our proper potential.’ says palaeontologist Professor Chris Stringer. ‘We are becoming Cro-Magnons again — the people who lived on this planet 40,000 years ago.»

For most of human history, our ancestors got their food from a wide variety of sources: women gathered herbs, fruits and berries, while men supplemented these with occasional kills of animals (a way of life still adopted by the world’s few remaining tribes of hunter-gatherers). ___2___ Then about 9.000 years ago, agriculture was invented with devastating consequences. Most of the planet’s green places have been gradually taken over by farmers, with the result that just three carbohydrate-rich plants — wheat, rice and maize — provide more than half of the calories consumed by the human race today.

___3___ Over the centuries we have lived on soups, porridges and breads that have left us underfed and underdeveloped. In one study in Ohio, scientists discovered that when they began to grow com, healthy hunter-gatherers were turned into sickly, underweight farmers. Tooth decay increased, as did diseases. Far from being one of the blessings of the New World, com was a public health disaster, according to some anthropologists.

___4___ The fact that most people relying on this system are poorly nourished and stunted has only recently been tackled, even by the world’s wealthier nations. Only in Europe, the US and Japan are diets again reflecting the richness of our ancestors’ diets.

As a result, the average man in the US is now 179 cm, in Holland 180 cm, and in Japan 177 cm. It is a welcome trend, though not without its own problems. ___5___ A standard bed-length has remained at 190 cm since 1860. Even worse, leg-room in planes and trains seems to have shrunk rather than grown, while clothes manufacturers are constantly having to revise their range of products.

The question is: where will it all end? We cannot grow forever.___6___ But what is it? According to Robert Fogel, of Chicago University, it could be as much as 193 cm — and we are likely to reach it some time this century.

However, scientists add one note of qualification. Individuals may be growing taller because of improved nutrition, but as a species we are actually shrinking. During the last ice age, 10,000 years ago, members of the human race were slightly rounder and taller -an evolutionary response to the cold. (Large, round bodies are best at keeping in heat.)
__ 7__ And as the planet continues to heat up, we may shrink even further. In other words, the growth of human beings could be offset by global warming.

A We must have some programmed upper limit.
В As they benefit from the changes in agriculture, people expect to have this wide variety of foods available.
С In fact, we are returning to what we were like as cavemen.
D This poor diet has had a disastrous effect on human health and physique.
E Since the climate warmed, we appear to have got slightly thinner and smaller, even when properly fed.
F Nevertheless, from then on agriculture spread because a piece of farmed land could support ten times the number of people who had previously lived off it as hunter- gatherers.
G One research study found that they based their diet on 85 different wild plants, for example.
H Heights may have risenbut the world has not moved on, it seems.

Ключи 10 класс


3D 5C 7B 9A
4A 6B 8C 10A

Score: 10

1. рas disappeared
2. failed
3. left
4. had made
5. were walking
6. saw
7. leave/leaving
8. has seen
9. hadn’t arrived/didn’t arrive
10. were waiting/had been waiting
11. have been trying
12. have had

Score: 12

1. told off
2. wear off
3. was taken in
4. paid him back
5. has gone off
6. come up with
7. catch on

Score: 7

The(1)Great Wall of China is one of the (2)wonders of the (3)modern world, and became a (4) UNESCO Heritage site in 1987. It is one of the longest (6,700 km) structures in the world, and has a (5) history of more than two thousand years. The (6) building of the wall began between the (7)7 and 8 centuries BC as a (8) means of defending most of China from the (9) invading people of the (10) north. In the (11) time of the (12) Ming dynasty(1368 — 1644 AD) wall was repaired and extended and took on appearance it has today, with a (14) complex system of forts and towers. It has an (15) average height of ten metres and a (16) width of five metres, and it runs from east to west.

Score: 16

1. … as long as you take…
2. … rather you didn’t tell…
3. … to keep in touch with her…
4. … had not rung, I would/could have…
5. … should/ought to have let us know…
6. … congratulated the players on winning…

Score: 6

1. from
2. of
3. in
4. Does
5. because
6. after
7. with
8. out
9. when/if/whenever
10. later/after

Score: 10

1. behavior
2. incomprehensible
3. unfriendly
4. uninterested
5. embarrassment
6. impolite
7. inoffensive

Score: 7

1. In the early seventies 85 per sent of women in Britain were married before their 30th birthday.
2. The number of workplace accidents is increasing but it is not clear who or what is to blame for.
3. There are plenty of drama courses syllable and it’s worth making  sure that you spend time researching what is on offer.
4. They suggested that Maisie should try massage, which, I think, was a good idea of theirs.
5. Although I was hungry I made up my mind not to stop and went on working.

Score: 5

1. С
2. G
3. D
4. F
5. H
6. A
7. Е

Score: 7

Total: 80 points


Audio 1


Test 1
You will hear two people (Richard and Louise) discussing how they feel about doing certain jobs. Listen to their conversation and decide whether the following statements are true or false. Correct the false statements.

1. Louise never does the washing-up.
2. Richard does most of the washing-up in his family.
3. Richard’s father makes him clean his shoes.
4. Louise doesn’t mind shopping for food.
5. Richard’s grandparents are all still alive.
6. Richard’s granddad is a bore.
7. Louise prefers to wait for her grandparents to visit her.
8. Richard doesn’t have any pets.
9. Louise has to take her dog for a walk every day.
10. Louise’s father cleans the car himself.

Audio 2


Text 2
Listen to an interview with Charlotte First and fill in the blanks with the missing information.

1. Charlotte’s mother is English and her father is ______.
2. Charlotte was brought up in Nepal, where she went to a good ______ school.
3. In her first job, Charlotte worked as a _____ with the BBC.
4. While in Africa, Charlotte studied for her PhD, which was on ______.
5. Charlotte says that making a TV programme was like talking to a _____ about her subject.
6. Charlotte likes television work because she doesn’t have to use ______ language.
7. Charlotte’s most frightening experience was being chased by ______ in the jungle.
8. On one occasion, a young gorilla Charlotte and then a second gorilla sat on her.
9. From her research, Charlotte has become more aware of the way humans use in ______ communication.
10. Charlotte says the future of chimpanzees is threatened because baby chimpanzees are being sold as _____.


Test 1
1. False. Her mum makes her do it after every meal at the weekend.
2. False. The most he has to do is get the plates out of the dishwasher.
3. True
4. False. Clothes shopping isn’t a chore for her but shopping for food is completely different.
She can’t stand /hates shopping for food.
5. False. He gets on well with his grandparents — the ones that arc still alive.
6. False. He is a real laugh and he enjoys Richard’s company when he goes to see him.
7. True.
8. False. Richard has got a couple of fish.
9. True.
10. False. He takes the car to the local car wash.

Test 2
1 ) Dutch 2) American 3) research 4) animal communication 5) friend 6) formal 7) killer bees
8) kicked 9) body language 10) pets

Score: 20 Total: 40

Tapescript 1

R — Richard L = Louise
R: Right, let’s see, jobs and duties. Where shall we begin?
L: Let’s talk about washing up first. Now that’s something I really can’t stand. My mum makes me do it every meal at the weekend, and she won’t let me go out with my friends until I’ve done it. I just think that’s so unfair. I mean, none of my friends have to do it. I bet you don’t either, do you?
R: No you’re right. In fact no one in my family does. The most I have to do is get the plates out of the dishwasher.
L: Lucky you! I wish we had one. And what about cleaning shoes? You have a machine to do that as well, I suppose.
R: Unfortunately not. If it was left up to me, I wouldn’t bother. But my dad says that shoes tell you a lot about a person — so he has me brushing and polishing every other day. It’s such a pain.
L: Same here. I’m not made to do it that often, but I still dread having to do it.
R Right, so that could be one of our three. What’s next?
L: Well, I honestly can’t understand why clothes shopping is there. That’s no chore for me. I mean I could spend all day popping in and out of shops. But going to buy food — now that’s completely different.
R: I can’t bear doing either of them. In fact, even talking about them makes me feel funny. Shall we move on.
L: OK. What do you feel about visiting relatives?
R: Oh that’s not so bad. I’ve got a pretty small family so it doesn’t happen that often. And I get on really well with my grandparents, the ones that are still alive, that is. In fact, one of my granddads is a real laugh, and I think he enjoys my company when I go to see him, now that lie’s on his own. How about you?
L: Well I suppose I’m a bit lazy really. My parents both say 1 should go and see my grandparents more often, but they live so far away — I always make sure I’m in when they come to see us, and they come round quite a lot, so I don’t feel as though I need to go and see them. I don’t think my mum and dad agree, though.
R: Oh well, that’s relatives for you. Let’s have a look at the next one.
L: What about looking after animals? Have you got any pets?
R: I’ve got a couple of fish, but they’re not really that much trouble. You just have to change their water once a week, and drop some food into their tank every now and then. But you’ve got a dog, haven’t you?
L: Yeah, don’t remind me. Every morning he’s there by the front door with his lead in his mouth looking up at me with his big eyes as if to say, “Come on, it’s that time again”. And if I ignore him, he starts barking and my dad gets angry and says, ‘He’s your dog, no one else wanted one, so you’ve got to take responsibility for him. Thanks, dad. You’re a great help.
R: Bad luck. Get a fish next time.
L: Oh, I love him really. Anyway, what have we decided so far?
R: Well, we both seem to agree on cleaning shoes, and neither of us likes ^hopping for food. So that leaves one more. I can’t talk about cleaning the car, ’cause we haven’t got one.
L: And my dad won’t let any of us go anywhere near his. I think he’s frightened we might scratch it, or something, so he takes it to the local car wash. That’s fine by me.
R: And if you tell me you like tidying your room, I just won’t believe you.
L: Well I think we’ve found the third one — I absolutely …

Tapescript 2

Interviewer: With us today in the Studio is the television wildlife expert Charlotte Uhlenbroek. Charlotte, you’ve spent much of your life travelling round the world — where would you say is home?
Charlotte: It’s hard to say. I was born in England and my mother comes from there but my father works for the United Nations and he’s Dutch. When I was five we went to Nepal: I lived there for ten years and I suppose I still think of Nepal as home in a way, as that’s where I grew up and went to school.
I: To an English school?
С: Well, American actually, but it was good because it had such a mixture of students, they came from all over the world.
I: And where does your interest in animals come from?
С: I’ve always loved them — when we were living in Nepal I used to wander the streets trying to rescue stray dogs. Anyway, I did zoology and psychology at university, then when I left, I got a job at the BBC.
I: So is that how you became a TV presenter?
С: No, at that stage I was working as a researcher. Then one evening a friend asked if I’d heard that volunteers were wanted to work on a project in Africa, and I phoned up straightaway.
I: So then you returned to Africa?
С: Yes, I spent four years there studying chimpanzees, and at the same time I was working for my PhD… it was on the subject of animal communication. And then the BBC invited me to take part in a programme about the project.
I: Did you find TV presenting was a big challenge? : .
С: Well, not really. Because it was my subject it was quite easy, like telling a friend what was going on. I didn’t feel as if I was talking to millions of people. And I enjoyed it because it was so different from academic research, where you always have to communicate everything in a very formal way. I don’t think that science always needs to be like that. You don’t become inaccurate just by using normal language.
I: Charlotte, you’ve spent years out in the wild with dangerous animals. You must have had some alarming experiences. Did you ever really feel you were in danger?
C: Well, I think probably my worst experience was when I was pursued by killer bees through the jungle, and I fell 30 metres down onto a narrow ledge, with another 50-metre drop below me. But in general, if you learn about the way animals communicate and their social structure, you’re generally safe enough. I was watching a pair of young gorillas once and they decided to show off. The younger one walked up, kicked me, and looked at his brother as if to say, ‘What
did you think of that?’ The other one started beating his chest and then just knocked me down and sat on me.
I: Weren’t you terrified?
C: No, not really, because I could see that they wouldn’t hurt me. They were just teenage gorillas showing off.
I: Mmm. So is there anything you’ve learned from animal communication that you’ve been able to apply to human relationships?
C: Well, when we’re communicating with other people we tend just to take notice of the words we hear, but in fact we’re also unconsciously picking up clues on body language all the time and I think studying animals has made me more aware of this.
I: And finally what about the future of primates such as chimpanzees.
C: It doesn’t look good: Hunters are killing the females for their meat and selling the babies to traders nowadays. They’re adorable, but they should never be bought as pets. There’s a tendency to think of them as amusing caricatures of humans. But they are sophisticated animals in their own right. In the wild, they can live until they are 50 years old and they can become four times stronger than man — if only they’re allowed to.
I: Charlotte, thank you.

Ситуации для устных высказываний 10 класс

1. Our character is what we do when we think no one is looking.

1. When you first meet people what do you look at first? What does it tell
you about the person?
2. What features of character do you value most in people?
3. What kind of people do you dislike?
4. What unpleasant qualities of your future spouse (husband or wife) are you ready to put up with?

2. When a friend asks for help there’s no tomorrow.

1. What does it take to be a faithful friend?
2. What features do you value most in friends?
3. What makes people become friends?
4. Can you recall any difficult situation that your friend helped you to cope with?

3. Blood is thicker than water.

1. What makes a happy family?
2. Do you have a trusting relationship with your parents?
3. Who should be head of the family: mother or father?
4. What is the right age to get married?

4. Learning English is a strong requirement of modern life.

1. Why is learning English a must for every educated person?
2. What role does English play in different spheres of life?
3. Do you have to use English in your everyday life?
4. Do you think the idea of artificial languages like Esperanto has any future?

5. False friends are worse than open enemies.

1. Who is your best friend?
2. Can you confide your secrets to your friends?
3. What qualities do you think your friend appreciates about you?
4. What will you never forgive your friend?

6. Learning a language is an everlasting process.

1. What do you find most difficult in mastering a foreign language?
2. What activities do you enjoy most of all in your language class?
3. What is it necessary to do to keep up your English?
4. Do you enjoy additional means of learning English beside your school homework?

7. Work is a necessity’. No worker goes to work because he likes it.

1. What things will you take in consideration when choosing your career?
2. Would you rather take up a challenging but not very well-paid job or a monotonous well-paid job?
3. What advice would you give someone who is about to go to a job interview?
4. If you had enough money never to work would you still seek employment?

8. Generation gap between parents and children is inevitable.

1. What are your relationships with your parents like?
2. Why is adolescence considered to be a difficult age?
3. What makes a good parent?
4. Were you naughty as a child?

9. A change is as good as rest.

1. What is your idea of a perfect holiday?
2. What exotic country would you like to visit and why?
3. Have you ever experienced a culture shock when visiting another country?
4. What is the most relaxing activity for you?

10.You must be ready for anything on holiday.

1. Do you prefer to go on a package holiday or arrange your holiday yourself?
2. Have you ever had any problems on holiday?
3. What things aren’t you ready to put up with on holiday?
4. What precautions should you take to avoid holiday problems?

11.Money makes the world go round.

1. What place does money occupy in your value system?
2. What do you spend your pocket money on?
3. If you were rich, how would you use your money?
4. What would you never do for love or money?

12. Happiness is what all people seek. Speak about the things that usually make you feel happy.

1. Do you believe in bad luck?
2. What are the three wishes you’d like to come true?
3. Can you remember any amusing things that have happened to you?
4. What is «happiness» in your view?

13.When I think about the United Kingdom, I immediately think of…

1. What places in the United Kingdom attract many tourists?
2. What places would you visit first if you had a chance to be in London?
3. What traditions connected with the British monarchy attract tourists in London?
4. What places of interest, besides those found, in London would you recommend visiting?

14. A man’s home is a reflection of his personality. Is it true for your house?

1. Do you help your mother with housework every day?
2. Have you ever decorated your room/house yourself?
3. Is your room your haven or just a place you sleep in?
4. What’s a house of your dream like?

15.Our life is impossible without modern inventions.

1. Does the computer play an essential role in your life?
2. How do you use your computer?
3. Is the mobile phone a blessing or a curse?
4. Do you spend more time watching TV or working/playing on the computer?

16.Success is a ladder that cannot be climbed with your hands in your pockets.

1. What is your greatest career ambition?
2. Would you like to be famous?
3. What are the advantages and disadvantages of being famous?
4. How can a person achieve fame?

17.Reading is to the mind what exercise is to the body.

1. Why is reading compared to physical exercise?
2. Why do young people read less these days?
3. What book would you take with you on a long journey?
4. Why are people so keen on escapist books nowadays?

18.Travelling can’t be boring.

1. Why do people travel?
2. What means of travelling do you prefer?
3. Would you like to pursue a career which involves a lot of travelling?
4. Which is more important for you: comfort, speed or company?

19.There is no friend as faithful as a good book.

1. Why are “escapist books” popular now?
2. What helps you to choosc a book for reading?
3. Who is your favourite Belarusian/Russian/English/ American writer?
4. What characters from his/her books do you remember?

20.Do you agree that the best way to have a friend is to be one?

1. What features do you value most in people?
2. Has your friend ever disappointed or deceived you?
3. Can you rely on your friend?
4. Do you think it’s good to have many friends?

21.What does family happiness depend on in your opinion?

1. Do you have secrets from your parents?
2. Do children take after their parents?
3. What is the role of the family in the life of a person?
4. What should be done to avoid misunderstanding in the family?

22. Imagine that you have an opportunity to make up a television programme about art. What is it going to be about?

1. What is the most popular form of art nowadays?
2. What kind of performances/films do you prefer: tragedies, comedies or detective stories?
3. What film/theatre performance would you recommend your friend to watch?
4. What artists, actors or playwrights can our country be proud of?

23.Beauty is in the eye of the beholder.

1. Is there any correspondence between physical appearance and people personality?
2. Is beauty only a physical quality?
3. Do you think beautiful people are generally happier?
4. Is beauty more important for men or women?

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