Read the text attentively and then do the quiz. There are 16 points in 11 sentences in the quiz and in some of the sentences more than one variant is possible, so the maximum score is 14.
After finishing the quiz you’ll be able to check yourself with the key.
Nicolas-Francois Appert (1749-1841)
Tinned food and drink is big business: every day more (1) … 175,000 million tins are sold throughout the world. The process by (2) … food products can be preserved in tins was invented in 1810 by a Frenchman (3) … Nicholas-Francois Appert.
His father ran a small hotel, (4) … Appert learned about preserving fruit and vegetables (5) … a boy. He then became a cook and sweet-maker and grew fascinated by the idea of (6) … able to preserve food for (7) … than is naturally possible. He experimented with various foods and finally (8) … in preserving vegetables, fruit juices and jams. What he did (9) … to put the food in glass containers which were then boiled for a long time.
In 1810 the French government offered a prize to (10) … who invented a means (11) … preserving high-quality food. The food was needed (12) … feed Napoleon’s rapidly expanding army and navy. Appert won the prize and with the money he received he set (13) … a commercial food-preserving factory. At (14) … Appert used only glass jars and bottles but in 1822 he changed to metal containers. His achievements (15) … widely praised
and his method was soon in use throughout France and the (16) … of the world.
(from FCE Use of English 1 Part Two: Open Cloze)