Form 11 Unit 1 Lesson 1

Unit 1 Lesson 1 Vocabulary

Learn the words:

1. ties — связь; узы
2. extended family — большая семья, расширенная семья (включающая, кроме родителей и детей, также ближайших родственников)
3. immediate family — родители и их дети, малая /нуклеарная/ семья
4. tight-knit [͵taıtʹnıt] a тесно спаянный, дружный (о группе людей и т. п.)
5. appreciate [əʹpri:ʃıeıt] v 1. 1) ценить, высоко ставить 2) быть признательным, благодарным (за что-л.)
6. pass away [ʹpɑ:səʹweı] phr v — скончаться, умереть
7. sibling [ʹsıblıŋ] n 1. 1) родной брат или родная сестра
8. -hood [-hʋd] suffix встречается в существительных, образованных от существительных (изредка от прилагательных) и обозначающих

  • состояние, общественное положение: childhood – детство fatherhood — отцовство
  • качество: falsehood – ложь manhood — мужественность
  • совокупность (людей): brotherhood – братство neighbourhood — соседи

Exercise 1. Match the words to their definition

1.     ties a)    (of a family or community) with all the members having strong friendly relationships with one another
2.     extended family b)   used if you want to avoid the word `die’ because you think it might upset or offend people
3.     immediate family c)    your closest relations, such as your parents, children, husband or wife
4.     tight-knit d)   the friendly feelings that people have for other people, or special connections with places
5.     appreciate e)    your brothers and sisters
6.     pass away f)     a family group which includes relatives such as uncles, aunts, and grandparents, as well as parents, children, and brothers and sisters
7.     siblings g)   to be thankful or show gratitude for
Keys to Ex.1

Keys: 1d 2f 3c 4a 5g 6b 7e


Exercise 2. Fill in the missing words

  1. I have four ***: three brothers and a sister.
  2. The pregnant woman in such a community has the support of all the womenfolk in her *** family.
  3. People who have *** family on the plane are asked to contact this number.
  4. Family *** are weaker if you move a long way away.
  5. We really *** all the help you gave us last weekend.
  6. She’s terribly upset because her father *** last week.
  7. Samoan culture is very localized, and centered on *** extended families, whereas Western societies tend to be highly individualistic and homophobic.
Keys to Ex.2

Keys: 1siblings 2extended 3immediate 4ties 5appreciate 6passed away 7tight-knit


Exercise 3. Answer the questions

  1. Is your family tight-knit?
  2. Have you got siblings? Do you get on with them?
  3. What does your immediate family mean to you?
  4. What do you appreciate most about your family?
  5. Is your extended family equally important?
  6. Has anyone in your extended family passed away? How does it make you feel?
  7. Do you agree that family ties become weaker if you move a long way away? Are you going to live far from your parents in the future?
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