Exercises to Card 13

CARD 13

Reading “THE STRESS OF COMMUTING”

I. Find in the text English equivalents:

Избежать стресс, головные боли, высокое давление, более агрессивные, образ жизни, экономить время и деньги, уменьшить уровни стресса, значительно улучшили, к счастью, например, гораздо быстрее и чище, велосипедные дорожки, мотивировать людей, вместо машин, сосед или коллега, без сомнения, гораздо раньше, найти место для парковки, новая и удобная система, добраться до работы.

II. Translate into Russian:

Modern world, improve their lifestyle, a variety of illnesses, a stressful experience, totally exhausted, means of public transport, long-standing habits, planning journeys, dramatically, in order to, well-covered, increasing levels of pollution, in recent years, more focus on, have been reintroduced, environmentally friendly, don’t feel sorry for, a feeling of power, carpooling, get preferential parking.

III. Say if sentences are TRUE or FALSE:

  1. Today people are constantly looking for way to avoid illnesses.
  2. Too much stress can lead to headaches and high blood pressure.
  3. Cars can give normally peaceful people a feeling of love.
  4. There are various means of public transport to choose from within modern towns and cities.
  5. By simply planning our day we can save time and money.
  6. By using their cars everybody wins.
  7. In recent years public transport systems have improved considerably.
  8. The aim of building cycle tracks is to motivate people to use their bicycles instead of buses.
  9. Carpooling is an old-fashioned system.
  10. Some companies have already introduced a plan where those who carpool get preferential parking in the company garage.

 IV. Answer the questions according to the text:

  1. What are people constantly looking for in today’s modern world?
  2. What can too much stress lead to?
  3. Can a feeling of power make peaceful people more aggressive?
  4. How can we reduce stress levels?
  5. Most towns and cities are well-covered by bus, tram and metro services, aren’t they?
  6. Have public transport systems improved considerably in recent years?
  7. What is another way of reducing levels of both stress and pollution?
  8. What is the aim of building cycle tracks?
  9. What is carpooling?
  10. Why is carpooling  convenient?

V. Match the words of the two columns to make up the word combinations used in the text and translate them into Russian:

1. public a. stress
2. modern b. people
3. transport c. areas
4. introduced d. friendly
5. company e. a plan
6. much f. transport
7. environmentally g. garage
8. simple h. systems
9. large i. town
10. peaceful j. things

 VI. Give the equivalents from the text that mean the same:

HELP BOX

stress                     commuting                 choose                  comfortable                     metro
    reduce                      wait                         bicycle                  look for                       private

 

  1. only for one person or group and not for everyone;
  2. an underground electric railway system in some cities;
  3. to allow time to go by, especially while staying in one place without doing very much, while someone comes;
  4. great worry caused by a difficult situation or something that causes this condition;
  5. to decide what you want from two or more things or possibilities;
  6. the activity of traveling regularly between work and home;
  7. producing a relaxing feeling of physical comfort especially because of shape or materials;
  8. to try to notice someone or something;
  9. to become or to make something become smaller in size, amount, degree, importance etc.;
  10. a two-wheeled vehicle that you sit on and move by turning two pedals.

II. Listening

Listen to the conversation and answer the questions below.

I. Choose the right answer:

1.Have you ever asked yourself how to make……..

a) an honest friend

b) a good friend

c) a good teacher

2. …..is the ability to feel the same things your friend is feeling.

a) Compassion

b) Passion

c) Expression

3. Listening attentively is also ……..

a)necessary

b)useful

c)important

4. Another part of friendship is ……..

a) caring

b) honesty

c) respect

5.The last part of the recipe is….…….

a) attention

b) understanding

c) caring

II. TRUE or FALSE:

  1. People have different ideas about a good friend.
  2. The best ingredients of friendship are understanding, respect, love and confidence.
  3. Often, a friend needs advice, he doesn’t need someone to listen to him.
  4. Don’t be honest with your friend.
  5. You will feel joy you can’t experience being alone.

III. Fill in the missing words

  1. Why do my classmates feel_____ and _______.
  2. They have no ________ to ______ to and _______ their sad and happy moments.
  3. Share in the _________ your friend is ______
  4. Stand firm in your ______ and _________.
  5. Two ______ of the same ________.

 IV. Answer the questions:

  1. How do people feel if they have no friend?
  2. What are the best ingredients of friendship?
  3. What does a friend often need?
  4. What is another part of friendship recipe?
  5. What is the last part of the recipe?

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