I. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense.
Harry went back to the camp the following morning, but it was in some confusion. Soldiers (1) ……….. (wander) around carrying equipment from one place to another, but there (2) ……… (not seem) to be any purpose to what they (3) ……… (do). Harry (4) ……… (never be) in an army camp before, but it (5) ……… (not take) a genius to realize that most of the officers (6) ……… (take) the first opportunity to abandon the men and head for safety. He (7) ……… (try) to phone the newspaper, but something (8) ……… (happen) to the telephone lines. He (9) ……… (try) to find out what exactly (10) ……… (go on), when the first plane (11) ……… (fly) low over the camp. A wooden building a few hundred yards away suddenly (12) ……… (disappear) in an explosion of flame. Before long bombs (13) ……… (explode) all around him, and then everything (14) ……… (go) quiet. The planes (15) ……… (vanish) as suddenly as they (16) ……… (appear). Smoke (17) ……… (rise) from burning buildings. A dead man (18) ……… (lie) next to Harry, the first dead person he (19) ……… (ever see). And suddenly it (20) ……… (begin) to rain.
II. Insert the correct article.
1. ___ soil is 2 ___ invaluable natural resource. It provides 3 ___ raw materials for the plants on which we depend for 4 ___ food. 5 ___ soil and 6 ___ living organisms of a region are interdependent. On 7 ___ one hand, 8 ___ soil is affected by 9 ___ flora and fauna of the region. On 10 ___ other hand, 11 ___ type of soil determines 12 ___ flora and fauna of the region.
III. Fill in the correct particles.
1. When she put on weight she had to let ___ all her clothes.
2. The road works held ___ the traffic.
3. I fell ___ one of my friends and haven’t spoken to her for weeks.
4. Tim’s work failed to come ___ his boss’s high standards.
5. Mr. Jones broke ___ the interview to answer the phone.
IV. Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence using the word given. Do not change the word given.
1. It’s a pity you didn’t get your bicycle brakes repaired immediately.
You ___ your bicycle brakes repaired immediately.
2. The last time I saw Helen was before she left for Australia.
I ___ she left for Australia.
3. I think you should tell her now what you think of her behavior.
It’s high ___ her your opinion of her behaviour.
4. My dad will be back when he has finished shopping.
My dad ___ he has finished the shopping.
5. He didn’t renovate the house because he couldn’t afford it.
He didn’t ___ because he couldn’t afford it.
6. As soon as she finished soup, she started eating an ice-cream.
Scarcely ___ she started eating an ice-cream.
7. If this soup wasn’t so hot I could drink it now.
This soup is too ___ drink now.
V. Use the word given in capitals at the end of each line to form a word that fits in the space in the same line.
A WRITING REVOLUTION
I’ve been a professional (0) writer for most of my adult life and I’ve PROFESSION
been writing … (1) fiction for at least twenty years now. My real SCIENTIST
name is Herbert Smith but I use the … (2) ‘Al Macintyre’ because PEN
I think a … (3) should have a more exciting name than ‘Smith’, NOVEL
I used to have enormous problems writing manuscripts for … (4). PUBLISH
First, I would start scribbling on a huge wad of ordinary … (5) WRITE
paper. Then I would jot down a few ideas in a … (6) before I NOTE
started to write my first draft on the … (7). This went on till a TYPE
couple of years ago when I bought my first … (8) computer. PERSON
I was only interested in the word … (9), actually, and when PROCESS
I saw the first neat … (10) of my efforts on the computer, PRINT
knew it would change the way I wrote novels forever.
VI. Read the text below and decide which answer A, B, C or D best fits each space.
Example: A gone B brought C taken D come
E-MAIL OR SNAIL MAIL?
Modern technology has … (0) about enormous improvements in communications and yet many people are still very worried … (1) using the latest computer technology. I am often … (2) to meet colleagues who still don’t know what the ‘e’ in e-mail stands for and they are too … (3) to ask. They assume you have to be skilled … (4) computers to send a message via e-mail but in fact it is … (5) thing in the world. It is also …(6) to send an e-mail message … (7) to send an ordinary letter or a ‘snail’ message which also takes … (8) longer. An e-mail message is only … (9) more expensive than a local telephone call to send; on top of the call itself you also have to pay a fee to your ‘server’. If you send a letter by … (10) mail it will take a couple of days to get there whereas an e-mail will not take … (11) than a few seconds. Once you become … (12) to using the system you will be … (13) at how much more … (14) it is than other means of communication. Of course before you have access to e-mail, you will need a fairly … (15) computer, which can be quite expensive.
1 A for B about C at D with as
2 A surprising B irritating C surprised D irritated
3 A embarrassing B embarrassed C tired D tiring
4 A about B into C to D in
5 A simplest B the more simple C simpler D the simplest
6 A cheaper B more cheaper C cheapest D the cheaper
7 A as B than C that D from
8 A much B more C as D lot
9 A little B slightly C less D least
10 A second-hand B low-paid C part-time D first-class
11 A more long B longest C as long D longer
12 A capable B accustomed C clever D good
13 A amazed B puzzled C experienced D pleased
14 A confident B certain C efficient D skilful
15 A strong B great C powerful D large
VII. Read the text below and look carefully at each line. If a line is correct, put a tick (V) at the end of the line. If a line has a word which should not be there, write the word at the end of the line. There are two examples at the beginning.
NOTHING LIKE A GOOD STORY
0 I find the way children spend hours just at watching TV at
00 quite depressing. It can’t be good for their imagination. I’m not V
1 very keen on watching myself. I’d rather to read a good
2 book. I wish children would have switch off the TV and learn
3 to enjoy the pleasures of reading. I have always been very
4 fond of the reading – this comes from my mother who was
5 a marvellous storyteller. When it was the time for us to go to
6 bed she would say ‘It’s time we have had another story’. If
7 she’d said ‘Get into bed and switch the light off’ it would
8 have been not very different. As it was, we began to look
9 forward go to bedtime because we were expecting yet
10 another unforgettable tale. If only wish I had had more
11 the time to tell my children more stories when they were growing up.
to Lexical-Grammar test
1) were wandering; 2) didn’t seem; 3) were doing; 4) had never been; 5) didn’t take; 6) had taken; 7) tried; 8) had happened; 9) was trying; 10) was going on; 11) flew; 12) disappeared; 13) were exploding; 14) went; 15) vanished; 16) had appeared; 17) was rising; 18) lay/was lying; 19) had ever seen; 20) began.
I. Which of these sentences are true or false.
1. Danny was standing on Manhattan Bridge.
2. Now it is beginning to snow and I have a hole in my shoes.
3. Danny went to a caf? to hide from the rain.
4. He found a postcard on one of the writing desks.
5. A marvelous idea those one thousand dollar letters.
II. Complete the sentences according to the text:
1. Where, for Heaven’s sake could I …
2. By the time he reached … he was … .
3. Go to Mr. Black’s … . He is … may be he … the suit yet.
4. The boy hurried off and a second later Danny … .
5. “It fits you like …”
6. We are getting rid of … .
7. Hurriedly he opened the parcel, took out … in the right inside … of which he found … .
III. Correct the following statements:
1. Danny was a young man looking for a company to have a good time.
2. Mr. Burbridge gave me a one thousand dollar bill as a gift.
3. Mr. Black’s shop of modern clothes was full of customers.
4. Danny bought that black worsted suit.
5. Mr. Black was happy because Ralph had sold his jacket.
IV. Answer the questions:
1. Why did Danny go to the Post office?
2. What did Danny find on one of the writing desks?
3. What did he learn from the letter?
4. The information of the letter was true, wasn’t it?
5. Whose money did Danny find in the jacket? Why?
Danny was standing on Manhattan Bridge. He smoked. While enjoying the smoke he thought over his present position. Here I am a young man looking for a job of some kind or other.
… And still there is only eight dollars and fifty cents in the torn pocket of my trousers. Where, for Heavens sake, could I pick up a job?
Now it is beginning to rain cats and dogs on top of all, and I have a ..hole in my shoes. where can I hide from the rain? I’ll go into the Post Office for a while.
By the time he reached the Post Office he was nearly wet through. Now he stood in the main hall of the post office, watching the people hurrying busily this way and that, and then picked up a letter on one of the many writing desks. He read the first few lines, hardly knowing what exactly he was reading. He read again, and this time he gave a low, long whistle of surprise.
“Dear Friend,” it said. Yesterday, shortly before I left I made up my mind to get rid of my old clothes. I am on my way to San Francisco now, but I just remembered something terrible.
The night before I left I happened to meet Mr. Burbridge. He paid off an old debt. He gave me a one thousand dollar bill, and I put it into the inside pocket of the navy-blue worsted suit I was wearing. But I have sold that suit along with the other old things. Do please go at once to Mr. Black’s shop. He is an old clothes dealer, at 3, Pineapple Street, Brooklyn, may be he has not resold the suit yet…”
One thousand dollars! Whispered Danny, almost beside himself with excitement. Damn it, I am going to risk my last eight dollars!
Mr. Black’s shop of second-hand clothes was full of customers when Danny entered. Old man Black, his sleeves rolled up, was wiping the sweat off his face, and after giving instructions to his employees who were busy carrying clothes about the shop, hurried towards Danny to serve him.
“What can I go for you, sir?”
“Have you got anything in tweed?” asked Danny with seeming indifference.
“Tweed, sir? Certainly, sir, the very latest…”
“Well – I think I’d like to have something in navy blue – and a worsted one.”
“I can let you have a suit like that, sir. Something quite exceptional”, exclaimed Mr. Black. “I say, John, bring the navy-blue worsted one… And then Mr. Black turned to another customer.”
“The navy-blue worsted suit!” cried the attendant to a small boy. “Run, Ralph, be sharp! Get us the navy-blue worsted suit!”
The boy hurried off and a second later Danny was trying on a jacket that hang loosely from his narrow shoulders.
“Fits you like a glove, sit!” exclaimed the attendant in admiration.
Danny bought the suit and a quarter of an hour later he sat in Columbus Park with a large parcel in his hands.
Hurriedly he opened the parcel, took out the navy-blue jacket in the right inside pocket of which he found a black leather wallet, opened it and began to count the money with shaking hands.
“Even not one thousand but eleven thousand three hundred dollars” he stammered. “Eleven thousand-three-hundred-dollars! Danny, old boy, that was big business, indeed!..”
When Mr. Black closed his shop long after nine p.m., managing clerk said to him with a satisfied smile:
“Well, sir, that was excellent business again today, wasn’t it?.. We are getting rid of all our things. We are doing very good business in those cheap suits!”
“Fine”, said Mr. Black smiling. “Did you manage to write those letters?”
“Certainly, Mr. Black. Five hundred!”
“All right! My son will deal with that. Tomorrow morning he is going to “lose” them again in the post office, the subway and in the telephone boxes… We shall sell out everything in a couple of days. A marvelous idea, those one thousand dollar letters!”
Mr. Black was searching about the shop for something.
“Ralph!” he called, “bring me my jacket!”
“Your jacket, sir?”
“Yes, I hung it here over the chair. My navy-blue jacket!”
“Oh, that one…”, stammered the boy and opened his eyes wide, “that one was sold this afternoon, sir!”
to get rid of – избавиться
a debt – долг
worsted – шерстяной
a dealer – торговец
tweed – твид
wallet – бумажник
to stammer – бормотать
II (24 marks)
1. pick up a job
2. the Post Office; wet through
3. shop; an old clothes dealer; hasn’t resold
4. was trying on a jacket
5. a glove
6. all our old things
7. the jacket; pocket; a black leather wallet
III (10 marks)
1. looking for a job
2. Mr. Burbridge paid off an old debt
3. shop of second hand clothes
4. that navy-blue worsted suit
5. was angry
IV (10 marks)
1. He went there to hide from the rain.
2. He found a letter on one of the writing desks.
3. He learnt that one man had sold his suit with the other old things and there was a thousand dollar bill in the pocket of his suit.
4. No, it wasn’t true.
5. He found Mr. Black’s money because Ralph had sold his suit with his wallet full of money.
Final Total: 54 marks
Ситуации для устной речи, 11 класс
1. First impressions are most lasting. What are your memories of your school years?
1) Recall your first day at school. What or who impressed you then?
2) Are you looking forward to leaving school?
3) Do you think you will miss your school when you leave it?
4) Do you get on well with your schoolmates?
2. A friend in need is a friend indeed.
1) What do you think of the value of friendship?
2) Can you confide your secrets to your friend?
3) What qualities do you think your friend appreciates about you?
4) Are you ready to give your friend a helping hand. Give an example.
3. Imagine your life without modern inventions.
1) Is the computer an essential thing in your life?
2) Do you spend much time watching TV / playing computer games / chatting on line?
3) Which reality shows are you familiar with? (You can name them in Russian).
4) Is the mobile phone a blessing or a curse (проклятье)?
4. When there’s a will, there’s a way.
1) Can you force yourself to do something you hate doing? Give an example.
2) What achievement of yours are you proud of?
3) Are you a determined person in a difficult situation?
4) Is it easy for you to overcome laziness?
5. The power of art.
1) What is your favourite kind of art?
2) Are you a creative person?
3) How often do you go to the theatre / a museum?
4) Even ancient people decorated their caves with drawings. Why did they do it?
6. Learning a language is an everlasting process.
1) What do you find most difficult in mastering a foreign language?
2) What activities do you like most of all in your language class?
3) Is it difficult to keep to a high standard of the command of a language?
4) Do you employ additional means of learning English besides your school homework?
7. You cannot climb the ladder of success with your hands in your pockets.
1) What is your greatest career ambition?
2) Will it be hard to achieve it?
3) Can you characterize yourself as a strong-willed person?
4) Think of a person whose career achievements are an example for you to follow?
8. Teachers open the door but you must enter by yourself.
1) What is more effective : encouraging learners or punishing them?
2) Have you ever tried teaching anything to somebody?
3) Have you learned to do something by yourself?
4) Do you employ additional means of learning English besides your school homework?
9. It is never too late to learn.
1) Have you mastered any new skills besides your regular school subjects?
2) Are you a quick learner?
3) What would you like to learn?
4) Are you able to teach yourself or do you need someone to guide you?
10. Why do people do sport?
1) Are you keen on sport?
2) What is more important for you to win or to participate?
3) Does physical education at school help you to keep fit?
4) Do you exercise by yourself?
11. Light is better than darkness, knowledge is better than ignorance.
1) Is it possible to make a successful career without knowledge?
2) What are the best ways to acquire knowledge?
3) What people achieve better results in learning: those who have natural abilities or those who work hard?
4) Is it easy for you to choose your future career?
12. Reading is to the mind what exercise is to the body.
1) Why is reading compared to physical exercise?
2) Do you think that young people don’t read much these days?
3) What book would you take with you on a long journey?
4) What English writers make the pride of English literature?
13. Choosing one’s career is great responsibility.
1) Is it easy to choose your career?
2) What attracts you in your future profession?
3) How would you know whether your choice is made correctly?
4) Would you rather take up an interesting but not very well -paid job or a monotonous well-paid job?
14. The more I see of other countries, the more I love my own.
1) What places do you think are so beautiful in Belarus that you would like to show to a visitor to our country?
2) Do you know our country well? Have you been to many places in Belarus?
3) What places in Belarus remind you of the outstanding people of the country?
4) What is the dearest place in Belarus to you?
15. When I think about the United Kingdom, I immediately think of..
1) What places in the United Kingdom attract many tourists?
2) What places would you visit first if you had a chance to be in London?
3) What royal traditions attract tourists in London?
4) Do you think the British really like talking about weather?
16. Sport is for pleasure, not for profit. Do you agree with it?
1) Has the role of sport in everyday life changed over the recent years?
2) Would you like your children to take up sport as a career?
3) Should vicious sport (such as boxing, wrestling without rules) be banned?
4) What qualities are necessary to become a good sportsman?
17. If you really want to win in sport, cheating may help. Do you agree?
1) Have you ever taken part in sport competitions? Have you won?
2) What should one do to win in sport competitions?
3) What kind of sport would you recommend to take up to keep fit?
4) Have you ever cheated in an exam?
18. All things are difficult before they are easy.
1) What school subjects do you find most difficult?
2) What do you do to cope with the difficulties?
3) Have you ever tried anything new that needed much effort?
4) If you happen to face difficulties do you give up or try to overcome the difficulties?
19. Everyone wants to be attractive. What’s your idea of being attractive?
1) When you first meet people what do you look at first? What does this tell you about the person?
2) What kind of people do you dislike?
3) What features of character do you find most important in a friend?
4) What unpleasant qualities of your future spouse (husband or wife) are you ready to put up with?
20. Shopping can be both a revealing experience and boring routine. What is it for you?
1) Some people find window shopping a waste of time. And you?
2) Shopping is fun when you can afford everything you want, isn’t it?
3) Do you trust TV commercials that promote new goods?
4) Do you like doing shopping on your own or in company of your friends or family?
21. When a friend asks for help there’s no tomorrow.
1) Do you remember any difficult situation that your friend helped you to overcome?
2) What is your best friend like?
3) What makes people become friends?
4) What features do you value most in friends?
22. Books and friends should be few but good.
1) Is reading books important in modern life or can it be substituted by TV, Internet etc.?
2) What helps you choose a book for reading?
3) What Belarusian writer would you recommend to read first to a person who wants to get acquainted with Belarusian literature?
4) What English writers make the pride of English literature?
23. The country I would like to visit in future.
1) If the time of your visit to the country of your dream is limited what will you chose to see there?
2) Have you ever been to a foreign country?
3) Do you have any relatives or friends who don’t live in Belarus?
4) What are the main attractions for the visitors who come to our country?
24. Recall an interesting episode from your travelling experiences.
1) Why do people travel?
2) What means of travelling do you prefer?
3) What is traveling for you: a pleasure or necessity?
4) What professions involve lots of travelling?
25. Many people prefer to live in big cities, others dream of small towns. What are your preferences?
1) Do you sometimes feel like»-«getting» away from hustle and bustle of city life?
2) What are the most important advantages of living in a big city?
3) If you were choosing any city or town in the world to live in what would be your choice?
4) What do you admire your native town for?
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