В издательстве «Экоперспектива» недавно вышла очередная книжка по подготовке к устному экзамену Карницкая Г.В., Данилович Л.В. Английский язык. Для подготовки к экзамену. Тексты для проверки понимания прочитанного. Образцы устных высказываний. 11 класс.
Минск, Экоперспектива, 2012. — 60 с.
Пособие предназначено для подготовки к экзамену по английскому языку за курс средней общеобразовательной школы. Включены тексты, представляющие собой отрывки, в которых отмечены абзацы для чтения вслух, дается перевод некоторых слов, приводятся примерные вопросы для проверки умения вести беседу по прочитанному тексту. Представлены также образцы устных высказываний с вопросами для проверки умения вести беседу на английском языке. Адресуется учащимся 11-х классов и абитуриентам, а также учителям.
Пример текста для чтения:
TEXT 1 А Faithful Dog
A French merchant, having some money due to him, set out on horseback to receive it, accompanied by his dog. Having settled the business, he tied the bag of money before him, and began to return home.
The merchant, after riding some miles, stopped to rest under a tree, I te look the bag of money in his hand and laid it down by his side. But on remounting he forgot it. The dog observing this, ran to fetch the bag, but it was too heavy for him to carry the bag in his month. It then ran after its master, and, by barking and howling, tried to tell him of his mistake. The merchant did not understand these signs. The dog went on with its efforts and after trying in vain to stop the horse, it at last began to bite its heels.
The thought now struck the merchant that the dog had gone mad. While crossing a stream, he looked back to see whether it would drink. The animal continued to bark and bite with greater violence than before. The merchant, feeling now certain that the dog was mad, drew a pistol from his pocket, and fired. In a moment the poor dog lay in its blood; and its master, unable to bear the sight, hurried away on his horse.
«I am most unfortunate», said he to himself; «I had almost rather have lost my money than my dog.» There upon he stretched out his hand for his treasure but no bag to be found! In a moment he discovered his mistake, and was angry with himself for not paying attention to the sign, which his dog had made to him. He turned his horse, and rode back to the place where he had stopped. He saw the marks of blood, but he couldn’t see his dog anywhere on the road.
At last he reached the stop where he had rested. And there lay the forgotten bag, with the poor dog, in the agonies of death, watching beside it. When he saw his master, he showed his joy by weakly wagging his tail. He tried to rise, but his strength was gone. It stretched out his tongue to lick the hand that was now petting him in deep sorrow. Then it closed his eyes and died.
*знаков с пробелами.
Merchant — торговец.
Answer the questions:
1. Where did a French merchant go one day?
2. What did he forget to take on remounting?
3. What did the dog do trying to remind his master about his bag?
4. Did the man understand the signs the dog was giving him?
5. Did he discover his mistake later?
Пример текста для подготовки устного высказывания:
1. Do you have healthy eating habits or do you prefer fast food? Comment on the saying «You are what you eat».
This saying means that to be fit and healthy you need to eat healthy food. And I fully agree with it.
For someone it may sound a bit ridiculous. Does food make what I really am? Ok, it is not strange that books you read can show who you are. You can be judged by the friends you have. Music you like can also show what kind of person you are. But food?
Our inner world definitely plays an important role if to talk about our personalities. However, humans also have bodies — physical shells where our inner world hides. Whether we like it or not but these physical shells are made up of what we eat. The healthier the food that we consume is, the better our bodies look and the healthier we are.
Most experts say eating a balanced diet is the best way to get your share of good food for healthy body. Experts say people should remember a wise proverb «An apple a day keeps the doctor away». This means that we should eat more fresh vegetables and fruit, foods which are high in fiber and vitamins А, В, С and E. Such vegetables as Brussels sprouts, cabbage and cauliflower contain agents that block cancer. Beet greens, bell peppers, carrots and tomatoes as well as cherries, apricots and watermelon are rich in beta-carotene.
They also say that we should bake, boil, roast and steam food. Doctors keep reminding us that we should cut down the amount of fatty, salty and sweet food we consume. So we should eat less fatty red meat, poultry and whole eggs. Scientists prove that people who eat large amounts of fat face an increased danger of breast and colon cancer. Eating less fat reduces the amount of dangerous cholesterol in blood. So. we should eat food which is low in fat. This includes lean meats, poultry without skin, low-fat milk and dairy products, seafoods, porridge and cereals. People should limit the amount of salt in their food as it causes high blood pressure. And high blood pressure is linked to heart disease. We should cut down the amount of sugar and unhealthy proteins which can be found in hamburgers, sweets and processed cheeses. We should limit the amount of fizzy drinks too.
So, food is not only something delicious, tasty and pleasant. Food is something that can make our bodies ugly and our organs diseased. However, not many people nowadays eat enough fresh fruit and.vegetables. They.consume more processed food with lower nutritional value than nutrient-dense fresh foods. And this leads to an increasing number of obese people. Nowadays there are a lot of children who suffer from overweight. It also leads to cancer and disorders of the heart and blood system. So we should mind what we put into our bodies.
Experts say that it is not surprising that people eat too much of the wrong foods. Everywhere we look high-calorie and high-fat foods are advertised. Despite the fact that these foods are low in cost, they are low in nutrition. In other words, they may not be good for us, but they are really cheap. Some experts call this a toxic-food environment.
As I have already mentioned, particular kinds of food can tell something about a person. For example, people who like spicy and exotic food are brave and adventurous; those who are fond of chocolate are easy-going and sociable, but they lack confidence; people who are interested in big amounts of food are considered to be generous and hard-working; and people who haven’t got a large appetite are artistic and sensitive, though they loose their temper easily.
In conclusion I would like to say that people realize that in today’s competitive world it’s really important to stay healthy if they want to be active and successful in life. That’s why we should remember that «You are what you eat» and «An apple a day keeps the doctor away» and we should try to stick to these simple pieces of advice.
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Что касается тем, то для базового уровня больше подойдёт пособие Слеповича. У Карницкой высказывания построены явно на базе списка тем для олимпиад.