Английский язык (11 кл.) GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY TEST
FORM 11 (2012-2013)
I. Complete this extract about deja vu with a suitable form of the verb in brackets.
D?J? VU is a feeling of having experienced a present situation before. I 1)______ (teach) students in the same college for many years now, but I 2)______ (remember) one occasion in particular when I 3)______ (experience) this disturbing phenomenon. A few years ago I 4)______ (teach) a student Physics in an upstairs lecture room where I 5)______ (never teach) before. I 6) ______ (reach) the part of the lesson where we 7)______ (discuss) radioactivity when I 8) ______ (be) swamped by a feeling of deja vu. I 9)______ (know) I 10) ______ (be) about to refer to a book in my office. I also 11) ______ (know) that on a previous occasion I 12) ______ (go) to collect it from the office. I 13) ______ (turn) to my student and 14) ______ (ask) him if we 15) ______ (do) the work already. He 16)______ (look) puzzled and 17)______ (reply) that we 18) ______ (not do) anything like it before. However, my awareness of the experience 19) ______ (not make) the deje-vu feeling go away, even when I 20) ______ (try) not to repeat the pre-set pattern.
II. Fill in the gaps in the sentences below with an appropriate phrasal verb from the box, making any necessary changes.
*do up *get away from *give in *pull down *move in *put up* get run over *settle in *wear off
1. My parents wanted to ______ the city so the whole family had to move to the country.
2. However, their enthusiasm for country life soon ______ .
3. My brother and I begged to go back to the city and in the end my parents ______.
4. We have managed to buy a new apartment in the city. We ______ last month.
5. It felt strange at first but I______ now.
6. The city has changed. They have______ a lot of buildings in the cеntre and smart new officе blocks in their place.
7. They’re _____ the old quarter and giving the buildings a fresh coat of paint.
8. They have turned the shopping area into the pedestrian precinct, so nobody while crossing the roads these days, thank goodness!
III. Look at the extract below. It is taken from a magazine called Me and My Health, where the actress Maureen Lipman talks about her lifestyle. Choose the words in 1-10 below which best fit each space.
I never seem to stop. I’m not so much a workaholic as the (1) ______’girl who can’t say no’. Not only have I never learned to organize my time, I need the deadline to pass before I get going. Then I wonder why I feel (2) ____! I’m very good at whipping up false energy. Without (3)_____ rest, though, I start to look grey and then, apart from a good night’s sleep, the only thing that brings me back to life is meditation. I find that 20 minutes’ meditation is (4) ______ to a night’s sleep and that keeps me going.
Somehow though, I never get around to meditating on a daily (5) ______ . I’m no good in the morning. By the time I’ve managed to get up and repair the (6)_____of the night, half the day’s gone. When it comes to food, I’m a hostess’s nightmare. As I (7) _____ from migraine, I avoid cheese and stimulants like coffee, red wine and spirits, which are generally (8) ______to trigger an attack. I only eat rye bread, as the gluten in wheat makes me feel bloated and ropy. I’ve (9) ______ countless migraine ‘cures’, from the herbal remedy feverfew to acupuncture. Acupuncture (10)______ balance the system, but nothing stops the attacks.
1. A innovative
2. A apathetic
3. A sufficient
4. A compatible
5. A way
6. A damages
7. A complain
8. A foreseen
9. A tried
10. A assists
IV. Fill in the gaps with words formed from the words in capitals.
Jealousy can be one of the most (1) __________________ (AGREE) feelings in any relationship. In jealousy, there is a noticeable loss of (2) _____(AFFECT); if a partner is paying attention to someone else, that attention is being (3)_______ (HOLD) from you. Often, these feelings of jealousy remain (4) ______(SPEAK), cither for fear of (5)_____ (STABILIZING) the relationship or because of a basic (6) _____ (RELUCTANT) to confront the issue. Jealousy endured in silence breeds (7)_____ (SECURE), which in turn brings even greater (8)_____ (HAPPY) to the sufferer.
V. Think of the word which best fits each space. Use only one word in each space.
These days it’s not always easy to 1)______the difference between a piece of everyday household equipment and a computer. And experts predict that this distinction will become even 2)_____ to make as a whole range of new electronic household appliances 3)_____onto the market.
Imagine, for example, a refrigerator that knows when you are out 4)_____ eggs and orders them for you from the supermarket. Or how would you like to have a television 5)____ is able to search the channels for the type of programmes you like, and then 6)____ them for you to watch at leisure? And how 7)_____ a heating system that listens to the weather forecast and adjusts itself in preparation for whatever changes are on the way? This is probably not the first time that you have heard predictions 8)_____ these. Futurists have been telling us for decades that technology is about to eliminate all kinds of household chores. But 9) ______ many improvements in individual areas, “whole-house control”, whereby one integrated electronic system controls all aspects of domestic life, 10)_____ not really taken off. Two things promise to change allthat, however. One is the introduction of very powerful microchips and the 11)_____ is the spread of information about what is available, 12)____ to the Internet.
VI. Rewrite each sentence in such a way that it contains the word in italics.
1. If the English team can work together, they should win. (so long)
The English team should win, ______________________ work together.
2. The main speaker spoke with enormous conviction and carried the audience with him.(was)
Such_______________________________ he carried the audience with him.
3. I refused to believe I’d won until the finishing line came into sight. (did)
Not until ________________________________________ won.
4. The police say that the circumstances of her death are suspicious. (treating)
The policу _____________________________________________
5. I’d never let anyone use a photograph of my children in an advertisement. (have)
I’d never ______________________________________________________________
VII. Complete each of the gaps with an appropriate preposition.
1. I put his bad temper ______ to the weather!
2. She consented the interview, but objected ______ being photographed.
3. We paid _____ the nose for our new car.
4. They became suspicious ______ his behaviour and contacted the police.
5. I’m going to set ______ a meeting _____ all the people involved.
6. What arc you going to splash ______ on with the money you won?
7. Management were able to discourage workers _____ going on strike, but the union would not be dissuaded _______ taking legal action.
8. A study of 737 chief executives of major corporations found that 98 per cent would hire someone with a good sense of humour _______ preference to someone who seemed to lack one.
VIII. Complete the text with sentences A-F. There is one sentence you do not need.
IT’S A SMALL WORLD
Picture this: You’re in a boat, a small one, easily 4,000 miles away from home. You’re being tossed from one wave to another in appalling conditions. Your mast has been damaged in a fierce storm and you haven’t eaten for two days whilst trying to fix your craft and remain afloat. [1_____] You wait, hoping beyond hope that someone has heard you and can reach you before conditions worsen still further. You’re lucky.
The message gets relayed to a cruise liner that is carrying thousands of passengers on the holiday of a lifetime and just happens to be in your vicinity — поблизости.
[2______] You are very grateful. You are taken on board where you’re given food and medical assistance and start to feel human again. You travel with the liner safely to land. Your small boat has unfortunately had to be abandoned in the ocean but you are safe thanks to the cruise liner.
So far, a straightforward sea rescue. [3______] It’s certainly not unheard of for large vessels to come to the aid of smaller ones, particularly in the big oceans where you can drift for days without seeing another boat.
[4______] The yachtsman whose boat got into trouble was John Fielder, a thirty-two-year-old man from a tiny village on the south coast of England called Warsash. Last year John was sailing a trimaran called (appropriately) ‘Dangerous When Wet’ from the Caribbean island Antigua to Rhode Island, north of New York, when he got into trouble.
[5_____] She was the latest addition to the fleet of the US based Princess Cruises and it was captained by Captain Clark. Captain Clark and John Fielder had never met before, which is not surprising. What is surprising is that it turned out the two men live round the corner from each other in that tiny village ot Warsash on the south coast! In all probability they buy their newspapers from the same shop but didn’t meet until their paths crossed 4,000 miles away in the middle of the ocean!
An amazing coincidence! If you can beat that write in to ‘What a coincidence!’, People Today Magazines, Bristol. We’re waiting for your story.
A This happens from time to time when small boats run into difficulties in heavy weather. В But there is a twist to this tale. С Less than two hours later the enormous boat is alongside you, having altered course to come to your rescue. D Finally you admit defeat and put out an SOS call. E He was stunned by the coincidence. F The cruise liner that came to his assistance was the Crown Princess.
Ключи GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY TEST FORM 11 (2012- 2013)
1. have been teaching
4. was teaching
5. had never taught
6. had reached
7. were discussing
12. had gone
15. had done
18. had not done
19. did not make
1. get away from
2. wore off
3. gave in
4. moved in
5. settled in
6. pulled down, put up
7. doing up
8. gets run over
1. D original
2. В exhausted
3. A sufficient
4. С equivalent
5. В basis
6. С ravages
7. В suffer
8. D thought
9. A tried
1. … so long as they can …
2. … was the conviction with which the main speaker spoke that.
3. .. the finishing line came into sight did I believe.
4. … are treating (the circumstances of) her death as suspicious.
5. .. have a photograph of my children used in an advertisement.
2. to ,to
5. up, with
7. from, from
You’ll hear Clare Martin talk about wildlife photography. After listening, for points 1-8, complete the sentences in the notes with one to two words.
WILD ABOUT ANIMALS
Clare has just returned from an assignment in 1. _____________________________,
Most of her correspondence comes from 2. ____________________.
Earning a living as a wildlife photographer isn’t easy because of the many 3. ____________________________operating in the field.
The bird photographer Arthur Morris was originally a 4. ___________________by profession.
One university in Britain offers a degree in 5. ________________________ Imaging.
Clare suggests working as a travel guide or ____________ to establish yourself.
You need to bring in 7._____________________________to cover your expenses.
She recommends studying 8._____________________________ if you want t0 become a full time photographer.
You will hear a radio discussion about the media. After listening, for questions decide which of the choices A, В or С is the correct answer.
1. What has Jenny not done since the programme ended?
A presented a TV programme
В talkpd on radio and TV
С been recognised in the street
2. Why did Jenny go on the television programme?
A to make money
В to teach people something
С to learn about other young people
3. What worries Tony about reality TV?
A People develop very strong relationships on these programmes.
В The programmes should be more educational.
С People have to behave in ways that he disapproves of.
4. What does Jenny say about nominating the other housemates?
A It was difficult because it took place at the end of the day.
В The relationships they had developed made it difficult.
С It made it difficult for people at home to take it seriously.
5. Tony gives an example of how Big Brother can
A be used negatively by children.
В give children the wrong idea about real life.
С get children into trouble with their parents.
6. Jenny thinks that these programmes teach young people
A to develop useful social skills.
В to protect themselves from strangers.
С to tell who is a real friend.
7. What does Airwave want?
A a complete ban on this kind of programme
В a ban on these programmes in the early evening
С a ban on programmes involving young children
Good afternoon and welcome. I gather all of you are interested in becoming wildlife photographers, so I’ve brought along some of the pictures I took on two of my most interesting assignments. The first was to South Africa, where i went last year. It’s probably one of the: best places in the world to be if you’re a wildlife photographer! And the second was on my most recent trip to the Amazon, where the wildlife is also amazing. I’ll let you see these later, hut first of all I’d like to tell you what being a wildlife photographer entails. Every day. I get emails from people asking me what they have to do to become a professional wildlife photographer. Some of these emails come from schoolchildren doing projects about a future carccr they would be interested in taking up. But most of these requests come from school leavers seriously thinking about a career as a wildlife photographer.
Usually my first reaction is ‘I don’t know!’ But of course this doesn’t help. It does however indicate that there is no easy answer to this question. It is actually incredibly difficult to bccomc more than a part-time freelancer. There are so many amateurs flooding the market with really good quality pictures that it’s very hard to make a living from it. Most of the famous professionals in wildlife photography never had any formal training. Arthur Morris, probably the best known bird photographer, had been a teacher for years before going full-time into photography. I’ve only once met anyone with any kind of formal training. He attended a university in England where he did a degree in what’s called Biology Imaging, which also includes photography, filming and drawing. And he still ended up working as a safari guide! The best way to get yourself into the profession is to do it alongside a job that brings you as dose as possible to your subjects. This could be as a conservationist or travel guide. Then while photographing, you can slowly start selling pictures while your experience and expertise grows. After a few years, you might decide that you can give up the other job. One thing many people overlook is that, once you are a professional, it’s no longer about takine great pictures because you love it. It’s about earning enough money to compensate for all the expenses such as equipment, films, processing, travel, etc. This puts quite a few people off. But you have to1 remember that you will not only be marketing your pictures, but. in a way, also yourself. So if you’re wondering what subject would be best to take at university, forget about creative subjects and take Business. You’ll certainly find it useful. Now, if you’d like to take a look at these pictures…
Interviewer: Media hype or genuine hit? Boring waste of time or fascinating look at human reactions? Well, you might have guessed that I’m talking about reality TV. Whether it’s Big Brother, Survivor, Bar Wars or I’m a Celebrity, Get Me Out of Here. Our screens seem to be full of TV programmes where people live together, work together, play together and then kick each other off the programme. And we watch it all in our millions. With me to discuss this ara Tony Christian, member of the media watchdog group Airwave and Jenny Doyle, winner of last year’s Big Brother. Jenny, how’s life been since you left the house?
Jenny: Well, it’s been a lot of fun. Lots of interviews on radio and TV and people recognise me wherever I go. It hasn’t completely changed my life, though. No offers to present TV programmes, but then that’s not why I went on in the first place.
Interviewer: So why did you?
Jenny: I’d seen earlier series and thought. ‘She’s in it for the money.’ or ‘He wants to be a star/ and I thought the programme could be so much more thari that. I thought it could show what the young people of Britain are really like right now and so I went on just to be myself, really.
Interviewer: Tony, it all sounds quite harmless, doesn’t it? Just a bunch of young people getting to know each other?
Tony: Well, yes, on one level it is. You know, these reactions weren’t invented when reality TV was developed. When young people go away to camp or to university, they often develop relationships just like we see on TV, very intense friendships. The difference is that in real life we don’t decide who we want to get rid of and then vote on it. It’s that antisocial aspect that worries me and many other members of Airwave and similar organisations.
Interviewer: Jenny, what do you think about that? How did you find the whole process of having to nominate your housemates?
Jenny: Well, it wasn’t easy because you become very emotionally attached to the other people, but we all knew that at the end of the day it was a game. You know, and this is where I disagree with Tony, it’s not supposed to be real life. It’s supposed to be a TV programme, and I’m sure everyone watching is aware of that.
Tony: That’s true to a certain extent when you’re talking about adult viewers. Another thing that concerns me,though, is very young viewers. There have been reports of children as young as seven or eight years old playing Big Brother in the playground and using the game to bully other children, by nominating them, talking about them and then voting them out. That can be a very hurtful experience at that age.
Jenny: Yes, and that’s not something I would defend. However, I think that children can learn a huge amount about getting on with people from watching this programme where complete strangers are thrown together. Doesn’t it teach them a lot about making friends, about showing tolerance and about giving other people their own space?
Interviewer: Finally, Tony, can I ask you what your organisation proposes?
Tony: Airwave has written to the controllers of all major channels asking them to look at this kind of television very closely. Rather than a complete ban, what we would like to see is tighter controls over times of broadcast. We’d like to see these programmes going out later at night, when we can reasonably expect very young viewers to be in bed.
Interviewer: Tony Christian, Jenny Doyle, thank you very much for joining me today.
TOTAL SCORE: 40 points
COMMUNICATIVE SKILLS ASSESSMENT FORM 11 (2012-2013)