Областная олимпиада 11 класс 2011/2012
I. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense and voice form.
When the idea of relocation 1) ______ (mention) to him Eddie thought it 2) ______ (not be) an easy change for him. Now that it finally 3) ______ (happen) he realized all too well that all his friends 4) ______ (leave) behind.
He 5) ______ (look) at the new garden when suddenly a car 6) ______ (pull up) the neighbours’ drive. A man and a boy about Eddie’s age 7)____(get) out of the car. The boy welcomed Eddie: «Hi, I’m Matt, your next door neighbour. My Mum 8) ______(bake) a chocolate cake. She always 9) ______(bake) cakes on Sundays. Would you like to come and try?» «I would like that very much!» – Eddie answered eagerly, — «I 10) ______(tell) my parents about it. They 11) ______ (unpack) things in the house.»
His parents didn’t mind Eddie’s visiting the neighbours. They said they 12) _____ (finish) their jobs about the house only by 10 o’clock that evening, so there was plenty of time for Eddie to enjoy himself. That was the day when Eddie 13) ______ (understand) everything 14) ______ (be) all right after all.
II. Fill in the gaps with «а, «the» or «-».
It is obvious that 1) ______ food poisoning should be 2) ______ last thing on your mind when you’re enjoying 3) ______ quiet day out this summer. But in 4) ______ UK there were around 95000 reported cases of 5) ______ poor hygiene practices in 6) _______ last year alone.
Our plan was to check 7) ______ food safety at 13 of our top tourist attractions. We tested 8) ______ food on offer and inspected hygiene standards at restaurants, cafes and kiosks on 9) ______ site. 10) ______ check revealed that about 11) ______ third of 12) ______ 65 food samples we bought failed to meet satisfactory guidelines. 13) ______ majority of problems we came across were staff-related.
III. Fill the gaps with the correct prepositions.
1. The sign on the door said «Beware ______ the dog.»
2. I mistook the man ______ my English teacher.
3. Martin is married ______ a famous actress.
4. I ran ____ an old school friend of mine yesterday.
5. Who is that girl? She keeps smiling _____ me.
6. «You’re _____ arrest!» the policeman shouted to the robber.
7. — Thanks a lot! — You’re welcome. I was glad to be ______ service.
IV. Complete the sentences with the phrasal verbs identical in meaning with the verbs or phrases in brackets. Make sure to use the correct form.
1. He has always _____ his uncle for his honesty. (respect)
2. I’m not ready to ______ this kind of rudeness. (tolerate)
3. Don’t pay attention to Susan, she is constantly _____ in front of people she doesn’t know. (try to impress)
4. You can easily ______ the answer by adding these figures. (calculate)
5. When we were children we didn’t ______my sister (have a friendly relationship)
V. Rewrite each sentence in such a way that it contains the word in italics.
1. I’m glad you have brought the map, otherwise we would be lost.
If you ____________ we would be lost.
2. The shelf was too high for me to reach.
I ______ reach the shelf.
3. ‘I’ll definitely come next Friday.’ promised Ann.
Ann ____________ Friday.
4. It was wrong of you not to tell your parents about the problem.
You ____________about the problem.
5. Tony thinks it’s a terrible film and I have the same opinion.
Tony thinks it’s a terrible film and ____________.
6. Some people think it is possible that the ancient Egyptians crossed the Atlantic.
The ancient Egyptians ______ the Atlantic.
7.Airships and helicopters don’t need a runway to land.
____________ need a runway to land.
VI. Fill the gaps in the text with words formed from the words in capitals.
|The number of things our teenage children have is simply 1) _____, so no wonder their rooms often become 2) ______. Most parents admit that lack of 3) ______ is always a problem.Before you approach an interior 4) ______ (they don’t) come cheap, see if any of the following 5) ______ can make your teenager’s living quarters a little more 6) ______.If 7) ______ small objects are cluttering the room, place shoe organizers inside wardrobes. Use them wisely to put away scarves, socks, 8) ______, hair accessories and anything else you need to store. 9) ______ hanging space can be created by placing hooks on doors.10) ______, use your walls! Shelves installed onto a wall are great for extra space. Items that clutter a tabletop such as keys and paperwork can be secured on a cork bulletin board||
VII. Choose the right word (А, В, С or D) to fill each gap.
Have you ever 1)____ applying for a job where you can live on the premises? While “living above the shop” 2)__________________ sound good because you don’t have to commute, such a situation has its pros and 3) . Bernadette Gillow, who lives and works at a museum, admits that it can be difficult 4) times. «It takes some getting 5) ______. As you come in with your supermarket bags on your day off, you walk through showrooms to get to your 6) ______. I once found a little old lady on my sofa. 7) _____ how many «PRIVATE» 8) ______ you have on the door, if it opens, people will open it.» However, she’s generally happy. When she 9) ______ the job as manager, the whole family — her husband and two children — moved in. Renting out their 10) ______home, they have settled in and now 11) ______ from using the grounds on summer evenings after the visitors have gone. «You feel a wonderful 12) ______ of history here,» she says. «‘Although it is 13) ______ a general management job, I’m responsible for the 14) _______ to day running of the property: the house and garden, the shop and tearoom the 15) _____ and the financial administration. It does give us an opportunity to completely absorb the scenery and the property. It’s a gorgeous place to be and it’s a great privilege. 16) _____ the drawbacks. I wouldn’t like to go back to the way we lived before.»
|1. A considered||B thought||C supposed||D assumed|
|2. A should||B might||C will||D would|
|3. A downs||B fors||C backs||D cons|
|4. A for||B at||C in||D on|
|5. A used||В felt||С known||D lived|
|6. A rooms||В parts||С quarters||D sections|
|7. A point||В matter||С question||D doubt|
|8. A directions||В labels||С messages||D signs|
|9. A took||В received||С agreed||D reached|
|10. A final||В early||С last||D previous|
|11. A reward||В benefit||С enjoy||D love|
|12. A idea||В sense||С touch||D tone|
|13. A basically||В truly||С wholly||D completely|
|14. A night||В day||С week||D evening|
|15. A men||В people||С staff||D members|
|16. A Spite||В Although||С However||D Despite|
VIII. Read the article and choose from the sentences (A-I) the one which fits each gap. There is one sentence which you do not need to use.
Timothy Scott was leisurely leafing through a local newspaper when he saw a small advert for a «concrete reservoir for sale». 1.______The couple, known locally as ‘the moles’, have decided to go underground not just because they want one of the most unusual homes in Britain, but for good ecological reasons too.
2.______ Instead, they found a sweet-smelling 10m by 20m space, 4m high. The massive concrete roof, and the earth above it, was supported by eight large original brick pillars.
‘We knew immediately that it would make a wonderful home,’ says Timothy. 3. ______ These will be the main source of light and heat for the house.
Natural light will spread through glass walls to the three bedrooms, two bathrooms and kitchen off the central area.
‘We expect virtually no heating bills,’ Timothy says. ‘The surrounding earth and the inside-of the walls should provide an ample storage area for the solar energy we gain through the pyramids during the day. 4. ______ We estimate that this will cut our electricity bills by at least a third.’
The couple’s belief in the benefits of living underground is genuine. Living underground which is quite common in America, in parts of Spain and in China, has many advantages for families. 5. ______ What’s more, they are naturally protected from wind and draughts. Earth sheltering also provides greater security. And at the same time a building that will last a good 500 years. There are fewer than a dozen earth-sheltered homes in Britain, which makes their inhabitants into pioneers of a sort.
Building this way is also compatible with the new conservationist methods. 6. ______ To avoid living in ‘shoe boxes’ and to keep agricultural green, there is really only one way of building: underground. ‘In 100 years’ time or less,’ says Timothy, I believe that large numbers of people will be living in earth-sheltered homes in Britain.’
Earth-sheltered homes don’t have to be like Timothy’s reservoir. 7. ______ A patio is also possible, as long as there is enough space in front of a house. However, according to Peter Carpentier, secretary of the British Earth Sheltering Association, who lives in his own underground home, there are a few disadvantages. For instance, because there are so few earth sheltered homes in Britain, it is usually hard , although not impossible, to get planning permission. 8. ______ When a lot of excavation is needed, building costs can be higher than for conventional homes, although savings can be made in other ways.
A. Society is going to have to look at energy usage, and underground homes can be space saving in a crowded country.
В. The light coming in through them should create interesting lighting effects in the central living area — and reduce the need for artificial light.
С. A considerable amount of money is saved on-energy and maintenance bills, and earth-sheltered homes are free from most forms of noise and have a low fire risk.
D. Also, some people find it difficult to cope psychologically with living in an earth-sheltered dwelling, but this usually applies only to deep structures.
E. They can make use of steep slopes and can have attractive wide grass fronts.
F. The first time the couple climbed down a dangerous old iron ladder to inspect the inside of the reservoir, they expected to descend into metres of mud and water.
G. The couple have since used a special drill to cut three large square holes in the roof, which will soon support three glass pyramids.
H. Because an earth-sheltered home is so effectively insulated, there is virtually a loss of heating and, therefore, significantly reduced heating bills.
I. A few months later, along with his wife, Sarah, he is about to become one of the few Brits who live below the earth.